Activity Level And Metabolic Rate
Since were calculating how much energy your cat needs to get with food, its just as important to consider how much energy it spends during the day. So, the calories have to be adjusted in accordance with your pets lifestyle. Thats one of the reasons why kittens require on average twice as many calories per their body weight as grown-up cats. As a rule, they are extremely active, running around, exploring the world, and wrestling with one another.
Now, theres no need to overfeed your cat if it prefers to stay inside and just lie in different places. However, if your adult feline spends a lot of time outside or is simply more active and playful, you may need to increase the cat food amounts by 1.5 or even 2 times, depending on its metabolic rate. The same goes for breeding tomcats, who obviously require more energy.
How Much To Feed A Cat
To successfully create a diet, you need to know the daily intake of calories youre looking for. Its similar to how you calculate your own diet. And if you dont, you can start with your pet because it relies on you to do the math and cat food portion control. Calories are used to measure how much energy a product provides. Thats right, the same energy your friend will need during the day for running, jumping, hunting, playing, climbing, or even snoozing. Even during sleep, there are processes taking place inside of any body, and those need energy.
So, the amount of calories is written on food packaging, usually displayed as kcal per kilogram, pound, bag, or can. Once again, you may see the recommended distribution of this food given as well, but those instructions are way too general and may not be the best for your puss.
Never you mind fully understanding the science of it all. As long as you know how to calculate the appropriate number of kcals per day and per meal, as well as paying attention to certain parameters of your cat, all you will need is our calculator. Well go over each of those in more detail below, covering how to control the amount of food to feed a cat to witness the desired result.
Sheba Perfect Portions Meals Are Well The Ideal Solution
SHEBA® PERFECT PORTIONS single-serving meals are aptly named because they come in ideally measured containers, so you know exactly how much youre feeding them. The single-serve packets allow you to treat your cat to food thats fresh every time. So feel free to mix up the menu! Salmon for breakfast?Chicken for dinner? No complaints here.
In other words, SHEBA® PERFECT PORTIONS are the preferred way cats like to eat. No mess, no guess, nothing being sent back to the kitchen from the dining room.
Why Trust The Spruce
Adrienne Kruzer is a Registered and Licensed Veterinary Technician in three states and has been writing on pet and vet topics for over a decade. She is also Fear Free Certified, has a special interest in pet nutrition, and loves researching, learning, and problem solving in order to better help pet owners. Her years of working in various animal hospitals, alongside her formal college education and elective continuing education classes, have provided her with a wealth of experience and knowledge to help cat owners choose a healthy treat.
Dr. Kerri Blackburn has been a veterinarian since 2007 and her special interests include general wellness care, ultrasound, internal medicine, nutrition, surgery, and oncology. Dr. Blackburn currently serves as the Medical Director for Rivers Edge Animal Hospital in Rock Hill, South Carolina. Prior to this, she completed an internship with Affiliated Veterinary Specialists in Florida and has continued to pursue knowledge in ultrasound, endoscopy and advanced medicine through numerous continuing education opportunities through the years. She is also a member of the AVMA, NCVMA, SCVMA, World Vets and in a network of Emergency preparedness vets for disasters in South and North Carolina. Dr. Blackburn loves the challenges posed by veterinary medicine and truly enjoys working with families to diagnose and treat their beloved pet’s illnesses and maintain optimum health in their furry family members.
Why Do My Cats Like Temptations So Much
Our TEMPTATIONS® treats are basted with a double basting of digest, which is a flavouring that cats love!Animal Digest is a flavour ingredient made by reacting animal byproducts such as liver, under specific conditions of temperature and pH, in some cases with the addition of enzymes and sometimes using the enzymes already present in the meat, for a given length of time. This results in break down of the protein into short strings of amino acids, the building blocks for proteins, which have very consistent flavours of their own.
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Is Chocolate Poisonous To Cats
While most human treats should be avoided, chocolate is a complete no-no for cats. Just 2g of chocolate not even as big as a square is enough to do serious damage to your cat due to its levels of theobromine. Theobromine acts as a stimulant, increasing the heart rate and acting as a diuretic to increase the loss of bodily fluids. As cats struggle to metabolise theobromine, the chemical stays in the bloodstream and quickly reaches dangerous levels.
Keep chocolate out of reach of your cat, and if you suspect they have eaten any chocolate, head to the vet straight away.
Create A Feeding Schedule That Works For Both Of You
Its unsanitary to leave food out all day.
Instead, feed your cat at routine scheduled mealtimes.
Cats are creatures of habit. They prefer routine and predictability in their lives.
Create a feeding schedule that works for both of you. And stick to it.
Your cats mealtimes should be when you are home. You should be home to clean up uneaten food and your cats dishes.
Remember, no more leaving food out all day.
ALL food is at risk for growing bacteria. Yes, even kibble.
Kibble is also likely to grow mold because of corn and grains in the product.
Additionally, polyunsaturated fats in all foods oxidize and spoil very quickly.
Long-term consumption of rancid fats will damage your cats cells.
If you prefer to have everything in one place, grab my Switch Your Cat to Raw eBook Course.
Heres how I feed my cat:
- 8:30 AM breakfast, ground mouse from Hare Today
- 1 PM hunting for snacks, pinkie mice and freeze-dried minnows from Raw Paws Pet Food
- 8:30 PM dinner, ground mouse
- 10 PM second dinner, ground mouse
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How Often To Give Treats
Some people give treats to train a pet or reward good behavior. Others use them to show their love or to strengthen their bond with the animal.
Theres no rule about how often you can dole them out, as long as you limit treats to 10% of their daily calories. Some owners choose to give one large biscuit each day. Others give a handful of kibble over the course of the day, one or two pieces at a time.
Giving no treats is fine, too. Remember that cats and dogs do well with other rewards and signs of affection, like extra playtime with you or words of praise.
How Much Should A Cat Eat
You should read the instructions on your chosen cat food for detailed information on how much you should feed your cat. You will also need to change the amount of food for kittens, adult cats and senior cats, so make sure you take this into consideration. For example:
Kittens have small stomachs and high energy needs, so they need to be fed little and often. Remember to check their food and replace it four times a day. It is imperative they are fed specific kitten food which provides nutrients required for growing and is more energy dense.
- Adult cats
Your cat is an ‘adult’ when they are between one and eight years old. Your adult cat needs to be fed once or twice a day, but some will regulate their food intake, so their daily ration can be left out, particularly if you give them dry food.
- Senior cats
Cats over eight are considered ‘senior’. As your cat grows older, their nutritional needs change and you can buy special foods that cater for them. These foods may have less protein and a balance of minerals and vitamins designed to keep them in good health.
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Can Cat Treats Make A Cat Sick
Can Cat Treats Make A Cat Sick? Too many cat treats can lead to obesity in cats, due to the high calorie content, and digestive problems such as vomiting or diarrhoea. Filling up on too many treats also means your cat is not getting the required nutrients, vitamins and minerals from their nutritionally balanced cat food.
Cat treats can include cat milk, catnip, cooked meat or fish, catnip and biscuit treats. Treats should generally be reserved for rewarding good behaviour, cat training or complementing your cats normal food, although there are also treats designed to have health benefits such as reducing tartar building up on teeth or hairballs in the stomach. Feed up to 16 Whiskas® Dentabites Cat Treats, or feed up to ten Whiskas® Anti-Hairball Cat Treats. To keep your cat active when feeding the maximum number of treats per day, mix cat treats into playtime.
What happens if I give my cat too many treats? Too many cat treats can lead to obesity in cats, due to the high calorie content, and digestive problems such as vomiting or diarrhoea. Filling up on too many treats also means your cat is not getting the required nutrients, vitamins and minerals from their nutritionally balanced cat food.
About Dr Pete Wedderburn Dvm
Dr Pete Wedderburn qualified as a vet from Edinburgh in 1985 and has run his own 4-veterinarian companion animal practice in County Wicklow, Ireland, since 1991. Pete is well known as a media veterinarian with regular national tv, radio and newspaper slots, including a weekly column in the Daily Telegraph since 2007. Pete is known as “Pete the Vet” on his busy Facebook, Instagram and Twitter pages, regularly posting information on topical subjects and real-life cases from his clinic. He also write a regular blog at www.petethevet.com. His latest book: Pet Subjects, was published by Aurum Press in 2017.
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Avoid Using Cat Treats To Comfort Your Cat
While treats can work well for bonding, its best to avoid them as a way to calm your cat down. This can reinforce that food is a coping mechanism for stress. If you find your cat is stressed, rather than reaching for a treat, show her affection, clean her litter box or move her to a quiet area to calm down.
So How Many Calories Does My Cat Need
We are now ready to answer the ultimate question. First, you can look at the cans and bags of what you have been feeding your pet and evaluate how many calories it has been receiving so far. When you get the recommended number, you can compare them and see whether you will need to feed it more, less, or slightly adjust the diet.
The formula is based on the standard daily calorie intake for an average cat and its current weight, producing the amount you should feed it. This number is additionally adjusted by the lifestyle factor. Depending on it, the daily amount of wet or dry food to feed your cat may vary greatly, as the recommended calories amount may vary immensely based on the current weight and your future goals.
However, you can leave it out for now, its important to at least establish how much food it takes to keep your cat satisfied at its current weight without threatening its condition. And in a week, when you have followed this regime, you can weigh it again and see whether its losing or gaining pounds. Then, the lifestyle factor can be used to alter the calorie content based on whether you want to increase or reduce it.
If your cat suffers from serious medical issues, make sure to consult the vet, of course. Usually, though, the health condition may influence certain products and types of foods, as well as the preferred feeding schedule.
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Are Cat Treats Bad For Cats
Most cat treats are bad for cats because they contain high amounts of carbohydrates and low-quality meat ingredients. Cats get addicted to treats because of the flavor enhancers sprayed on dry foods. The cats natural diet is fresh, raw meat. Cats are not grain-eaters by choice. So companies spray discarded restaurant grease and flavor enhancers on dry food.
On What Basis Is Determined The Amount Of Cat Feeding Per Day
First things first: Your veterinarian is the best source to answer this question. He or she knows your cat and can provide more customized information, plus answer any questions or concerns you may have. In the meantime, this article does offer some helpful guidelines for feeding cats.
To determine the amount to feed your cat, there are many factors to consider, including:
- Her age
- Whether she is pregnant or nursing
- Whether you feed wet food, dry food or both
- The nutrient content of your cats food
- Whether shes an indoor cat, outdoor cat or both
The brand of food youre feeding also makes a difference when were answering the question How much should be cat feeding per day? A dense, high quality dry cat food will contain more nutrients by weight than a low-quality food, and thus require smaller portions to deliver the same amount of nutrition for your cat.
Many cat owners allow their cats free access to dry food, supplemented by canned food once or twice a day. A dry-food-only diet is not necessarily a bad pet diet if youre feeding high quality food, but it does require that you encourage your cat to drink a lot more water to compensate for what shes not getting in canned food.
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What Ingredients Should You Look For Or Avoid In Cat Treats
Since treats are not the bulk of a cats diet, the ingredients need to be safe, but they arent as important as the food you are feeding your cat. The first ingredient on the label should ideally be meat, and while many owners try to avoid grains, some grains are not a problem for most cats. Avoid treats with food dyes, BHA, BHT, and ingredients your specific cat is sensitive or allergic to.
What Behaviors Indicate An Addiction To Treats
Most cats love treats. Some cats love them so much that they will completely ignore their full food dishes in pursuit of treats once they hear the bag shake. A simple love of treats is common and nothing to be concerned about. Over time, however, your cat might develop an addiction which could lead to some changes in their behavior.
One of the trademark indicators of cat treat addiction is incessant meowing that may gradually increase in volume as if you cant already hear them making their demands.
Rarely, a cat may also get physically aggressive by hissing, biting or scratching when treats are denied especially if they can see the treats but not get to them.
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Pet Greens Cat Craves
Is your cat not nibbling on enough greens? These soft cat treats feature salmon as the main ingredient and include nutrient-rich supplemental ingredients such as wheatgrass and fish oil. Not all kitties go for these, but the ones that do are just wild about them! Check out other flavors, including turkey and duck, roasted chicken, and tuna.
Still Wondering How Much Should I Feed My Cat Some Calculations
According to the Animal Medical Center in New York, a healthy, active 8-pound adult cat requires about 30 calories per pound per day. So, the average 8-pound cat requires about 240 calories per day.
Typically, dry food contains about 300 calories per cup, and canned food contains about 250 calories in each 6 oz can. . Using these counts as a guide, an 8-pound cat would need 4/5 of a cup of dry food or just less than a full 6-oz can of wet food per day. You can adjust the proportions based on whether your cat prefers more or less dry or wet food.
If youre free feeding your cat dry food, each day measure out the days allotment of food into your dry food feeder. This decreases the amount of food that gets stale and needs to be discarded. It will also help you monitor how much your cats are eating. If you have to take a thin cat to the vet, it will help in the diagnosis if you can identify exactly how much she eats per day.
Portioning out the food will keep your cats from overeating. Free choice feeding is one of the top contributors to feline obesity.
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Felines Age As A Factor
- Young Kittens
0-4 weeks old kittens are exclusively relying on their mothers milk. At four weeks you can begin introducing wet food to them. Those that weigh under one pound are likely under 4 weeks old and need to be fed kitten milk replacement formula.
Keep offering wet food at least three times daily until 8 weeks old. Wet food is generally considered healthier for cats, but if you choose, you can rely on dry food beginning at 8 weeks old.
It is nearly impossible to overfeed cats who are under six months old. Kittens are rapidly growing and they need about as much food as they can possibly eat. Not all cat foods are appropriate for kittens, so be sure that you are feeding either kitten foods or those suitable for all life stages.
If feeding exclusively wet food, you can expect kittens to eat 1-2 cans per day. This amount depends on their age, size of the can, and brand of the food.
This should be split into at least two meals ideally three per day. Feed as much as your kitten will eat for each of these meals. Refrigerate any unused portion.
If feeding dry food, you can leave out a bowl and fill it as needed. It is recommended to supplement this dry food with feedings of canned food for optimal hydration and health.
- Adult Cats
Unlike kittens, cats can be prone to obesity. This makes determining how much to feed your cat more challenging.
- Senior Cats