How To Recognise An Ear Mite Infection
Your feline friend scratching its ears regularly is usually the first sign of a parasite infection. Infected cats tend to shake their heads and hold it in an angle. You may notice a dark coloured discharge in ear which may be coupled with an offensive smell. Pets might scratch the infected area and alopecia may be spotted on the ear, head and face.
What Causes Ear Mites In Cats
Ear mites are contagious, typically spreading from one infected animal to another. As mites can also infest dogs and wild animals, there are plenty of opportunities for your cat to come into contact with mites daily, particularly if your cat goes outside or has spent time in an animal shelter.
Cats can also catch mites from contaminated surfaces, like bedding and grooming tools, and environments like boarding facilities.
Preventing Cat Ear Problems
To help your cats ears stay perky and pest-free, check inside their ears regularly for signs of wax buildup, inflammation, or odor. If you notice a problem, its time to talk to your veterinarian.
Cats ears are expressive, beautiful — and very fragile. To avoid damaging the eardrum or packing wax deep into the ear, never insert anything into your cats ears or use over-the-counter medication unless your vet has shown you the proper way to do so.
Its easy to interpret a cats ear discharge as mites when its something else, or to leave a mild infection untreated until it becomes serious or chronic. Dont leave your cats comfort to guesswork — always talk to your vet when you suspect ear problems.
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Ear Mites And Ferretstreatment
Ear mites, like fleas, have a life cycle . The full life cycle of these mites is believed to take 13 to 15 days in the warmer months and three weeks in the colder months.;Treatment must span two to three weeks to kill mites in all stages and stop the cycle.
Similar to riding your home for fleas, treating your ferrets environment is an important step in getting rid of ear mites.;See;Flea Treatment for Ferrets;for details on how to thoroughly;treat and wash;your ferrets;surroundings and;your ferret.
Your ferrets ear mite treatment regiment will take two to three weeks. During this time, you can either have your veterinarian treat the ear mites on a weekly basis or you can do at-home treatments on a daily basis.
The at-home method of treating ear mites consists of applying a miticide medication on a daily basis and cleaning out the ear debris. The miticide liquid must be squirted into the ear canal and rubbed in thoroughly each day for a minimum of 14 days.
Caution: Be sure the label says it is safe for kittens or rabbits.
In particular, avoid the ingredients betamethasone BP, neomycin BP and monosulifiram. Ear mite drops that are too strong can cause damage to the outer ears of ferrets which can necessitate;surgical removal of part of the ferrets ear.; The best active ingredient for ear mite treatment for ferrets is pyrethrin. ;A good choice is;Eradimite.;It contains pyrethrin and;is a miticide safe for ferrets.
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Treatment Of Ear Mite Medication Allergy In Cats
Either changing the miticide used to treat the ear mite infestation or ceasing miticide treatments entirely will be required for the symptoms to cease, and in many cases, symptoms will continue for a time after the medication has been eliminated. There are a number of antihistamines that are relatively effective for felines; both formulated specifically for cats and some are formulated for humans. It is essential that you never give your pet human medications without the advice and supervision of a veterinarian as even those that are safe to use may require species-specific adjustments to the dosage. Salves and shampoos made with hydrocortisone may also help to relieve skin discomfort, although your pet should be prevented from licking off these preparations.
If neither antihistamines or hydrocortisone preparations are successful in reducing the allergy-related symptoms, then corticosteroid injections or oral tablets may be recommended. Although cats can develop side effects from the corticosteroids, it is much less common than it is for dogs. Although injected immunotherapy is available for allergies to many medications, it is not typically practical for miticide allergies as it takes several months to become effective.
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Revolution Topical Solution Premium Choice
Revolution is a well-known treatment for pests that requires a prescription. It is multi-purpose and will exterminate fleas and works as a prevention against heartworm disease, hookworms, roundworms, as well as ear mites. Revolution is only applied once a month, and there are 3 or 6 treatments in each box , which makes for a long-lasting product. You dispense one entire tube to the back of your cats neck, so it makes treatment much easier than the traditional ear mite treatments that are applied to your cats ears.
On the downside, Revolution is quite expensive, and because it is designed to eradicate a number of different pests, it might not always be effective in treating ear mites. It has been known to cause irritated skin and bald patches in cats. Because a big part of treating ear mites is cleaning the infected area, you will still need to invest in an ear cleaner.
Sentry HC is designed to kill ear mites as well as ear ticks quickly and effectively. It comes in a 1 oz bottle that should last for about a month for one cat. Its relatively inexpensive and can eliminate the mites almost immediately, although a number of treatments are recommended. It also contains aloe, which will assist in soothing irritated and itchy ears, and is water rather than oil-based.
- Can only be used on cats
- May cause illness in some cats
Summary Of Ear Mites In Cats
Ear mites in cats are common, but can cause severe irritation and are highly contagious. Thankfully, they are easily treatable. If you notice any symptoms of ear irritation such as head shaking, scratching or inflammation, you should get your cat examined and treated promptly, to avoid secondary infections or torn eardrums.
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Emergency Situations And Your Cat
Certain situations may be considered urgent. You shouldn’t wait for an appointment at your vet when your cat is experiencing an emergency. Keep information about after-hours veterinarians handy in case you need to rush to one. If you see the signs of an emergency, do not delay. Go to the closest open veterinarian immediately.
- Difficulty breathing
- Gums that are blue, white, or very pale
- Collapse, unconsciousness, or unresponsiveness
- Exposure to a poisonous substance
- Severe pain
- Body temperature over 104 or under 99
- Hasn’t eaten properly in 24 hours
If you notice anything else your cat does that worries you, it’s better to be safe than sorry. You can call your vet or the emergency vet if you need help deciding if something is an emergency.
What To Do If You Suspect Your Cat Has Ear Mites
Since ear mites can be hard to see and may not be the only reason for inflammation or damage to a cat’s ear, it’s best to have your cat checked out by a veterinarian for a professional diagnosis.
Your vet will look for the hard-to-see small, white critters through a microscope or a magnifying scope that veterinarians and physicians use to look into ears. Another way your vet might identify ear mites is by placing a sample on a dark, well-lit background and using a magnifying glass to look for the moving white specks.
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How Will Ear Mites Be Diagnosed And Treated
Your vet will be able to examine your pet to decide whether your cat is suffering from:
- a bacterial or yeast ear infection which can be related to an allergy
- ear mites
Your vet may be able to see the mites during an ear exam or they may need to take a swab and look at it under a microscope to confirm this. They will then provide your cat with the correct treatment.;
Diagnosis Of Ear Mites In Cats
While it can be tempting to self-diagnose ear mites, this should be avoided whenever possible. Certain forms of bacterial infections can easily be mistaken for ear mites by the untrained eye, and the treatments are very different.
When diagnosing a cat with ear mites, a veterinarian will first ask for a medical history. This will help determine if the symptoms could be caused by some sort of hereditary ear disorder. At this stage, it is important to inform the veterinarian if the cat has had any exposure to infected or unfamiliar pets.
To determine what is causing the symptoms in the cat, the veterinarian will swab a sample of the discharge from the cat’s ear. They will then examine it under a microscope to determine if the issue is ear mites, a bacterial infection, or something else entirely.
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Are There Any Potential Complications Or Long
A severe inner ear infection can actually spread to the part of the brain that controls your cats breathing and heart rate, although this is quite rare.
Two potential long-term complications of inner ear infection include a permanently altered sense of balance and/or persistent signs of Horners syndrome. Your cat may also become permanently deaf in the affected ear.
That said, most cats with otitis interna respond well to medical management. Expect a two- to four-month course of oral antibiotics to prevent a relapse. The altered sense of balance that generally accompanies otitis interna typically improves within two to six weeks.
Ear Mites In Cats & Kittens: Signs Symptoms & Treatments
What You Should Know About Ear Mites in Cats! Ear mites are contagious. Ear mites are parasites that live on the skins surface, especially on the skin lining of the ear canal. They are transferred from cat to cat by direct contact. Ear mites and eggs can persist in the environment for several months. They can then return to re-infest your cat.
Signs Ear mites account for most ear problems in cats. Although all cats in a household may be affected, most serious problems occur in kittens.
Signs to watch for:
- Reddish-black in the ear canal
- Rubbing and scratching the affected ear
- Ear twitching and head shaking are common
- Occasionally, ear mites infest other parts of a cats body. Hair loss in a particular area and reddened, scratched skin suggest such an infestation.
Diagnosis by your veterinarian The diagnosis will be confirmed by your veterinarian when he or she examines your cats ear canals with a special magnifying instrument called an otoscope. Ear mites or eggs may be found during the examination or may also be found by examining your cats earwax under a microscope.
Treatment and Home Care Ear issues must be treated persistently and specifically, depending on the diagnosis. In some cases, treatment may need to be continued for several weeks.
In most cases your veterinarian will need to clean your cat’s ears before treatment will be effective. Because ear mites readily infest other pets, all cats and dogs in the home should be treated.
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Petarmor Ear Mite & Tick Treatment
PetArmor Ear Mite & Tick treatment is inexpensive and comes in a 3 oz bottle, which should last 1 cat a few months of treatment. It comes with aloe to help alleviate your cats itchy and irritated ears and works quickly to kill ear ticks and mites.
PetArmor does not come with any instructions, however, so upon purchasing, you will need to look up the treatment procedure online. There were also mixed results. It seems to work with some cats but was ineffective with others. It is recommended to not use on cats under the age of 12 weeks, and 5 drops for each ear twice a day should help treat the problem. Unfortunately, many cats will not sit still for 5 drops 2 times a day.
- Can only be used on cats
- Not effective for all cats
- Does not come with instructions
Treatment Of Ear Mites In Cats
The good news is that there are several different ways to treat ear mites, and all of them are easy and non-invasive. Depending upon the guidance of the veterinarian, treatment can look like any of the following options:
- Topical Medication:
Often, a veterinarian will prescribe medications that are applied directly in the ear and the areas around it. These medications work in a way similar to that of lice shampoo in humans and eradicate ear mites completely. These topical medications are typically prescribed for a period of 2-3 weeks.
- Infection Relief:
Because ear mites come with such a high risk of infection, veterinarians will often prescribe ear drops or a treatment of antibiotics to relieve any infections that the cat may be suffering from. Treatment duration can vary, but it usually does not exceed one month.
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How Can Ear Mites Be Prevented In Cats
As with most pet parasites, hygiene and regular checkups are always key to prevention. Keep your cats toys and bedding clean, and check their ears on a regular basis . As mentioned previously, have any newly-adopted pets checked by your vet to help prevent ear mites from spreading to the pets already in your home.
Your cats ears dont need to be a haunting ground for mites stay vigilant, and keep the creepy crawlies out of your felines furry ears this Halloween !
Can Ear Mites Cause Other Problems
Parasites are, unfortunately, par for the course in pet companionship. Its our responsibility to prevent and promptly treat any diseases our kitties may pick up. Ear mites are one of these bugs, and alongside their irritating presence, they can actually cause long-term consequences for your cat.
Ear mites are very irritating to kitties, and they will scratch incessantly which will traumatize the skin, causing bleeding and more pain and inflammation. These wounds can become infected, or your kitty may develop a swollen, red, and painful ear pinna due to an aural hematoma. These hematomas are accumulations of blood between the skin and cartilage of the ear due to the breaking open of blood vessels and can lead to an abscess forming. Surgery may be needed to treat an aural hematoma, and your kitty may be left with some cosmetic changes.
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Signs And Symptoms Of Ear Mites In Humans
When ear mites get into a cat or dogs ear canal, one telltale sign of an ear mite infection is your family pet constantly scratching their head. You may even notice a darkish discharge resembling coffee grounds coming from their ears.
Its important to identify an ear mite infection in pets as soon as possible. This way, you can get the infection under control and prevent the spread to other family pets and those living in the home.
Just like for animals, an ear mite infection is uncomfortable for people. And just like how ear mites can jump from animal to animal, they can also jump from animal to person.
If you have ear mites in your ear canal, symptoms can include:
- dark-colored ear wax
- ear irritation
Symptoms can vary from person to person. You could develop all of these symptoms or only a few.
Some people with an ear mite infection also have tinnitus. This is a condition characterized by a ringing, buzzing, or humming noise in the ear.
Some people even have a sense of fullness or pressure in the ear. If left untreated, ear mites can damage the ear canal and cause hearing loss.
How To Treat Ear Mites In Humans
To diagnose ear mites, you can start by making an appointment with your family doctor. They will likely refer you to an ear, nose, and throat specialist.
Your doctor can take a swab sample from your ear and complete an otoscope examination. This is a tool used to examine deep inside the ear canal. These tests can check for any abnormalities in the ear, as well as confirm or rule out the presence of ear mites.
Since ear mites feed off skin oils and ear wax, treatment usually starts with your doctor flushing out your ear canal with a saline solution to remove any wax buildup.
Afterward, your doctor may prescribe special ear drops containing the ingredients:
- triamcinolone acetonide
These ingredients can relieve itching, infection, or inflammation in the ear.
Some people have also had good results using acetic acid in the ear, which can stop the growth of fungi and bacteria. Treating an ear mite infection also involves killing live mites and their eggs, so your doctor will prescribe an antiparasitic ear drop.
Also, an ear mite infection can sometimes lead to a secondary bacterial infection. In this case, your doctor may need to prescribe antibiotics. Take the antibiotic as directed to prevent a recurrent infection.
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Cat Ear Discharge: Common Causes
When your cats ears are healthy, theyre pink and clean inside, have no smell, have very little or no wax, and seem able to detect the sound of a can opener from a mile away.
When your feline friend has ear problems, you may notice a much different kitty. Symptoms of ear problems in cats include pawing at the ears, sensitivity to touch, a large amount of cream colored, orange, dark brown, or black wax;;hearing loss;;head tilting or shaking;;and loss of balance. The most common causes of ear discharge in cats include:
- Ear mites . So tiny you usually need a microscope to see them, ear mites are the most common cause of cat ear problems, and they can be very irritating to your cat. An ear mite infestation can get so bad, that along with a lot of head shaking, your cat may scratch hard enough to create bloody sores; an ear infection may result.
- Ear infections. This is serious business. Ear infections are not only extremely uncomfortable for your cat, but if left untreated they can lead to permanent deafness or a need for surgery. Ear infections in cats can be caused by a number of things, including a piece of debris caught in their;ear canal, wax buildup in the ear canal, allergies to food or pollen, autoimmune diseases, thick hair in the ear canal, a ruptured eardrum, drug reactions, tumors or polyps in the ear canal, and environmental irritants.