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How To Feel A Cat’s Bladder

How Much Does It Cost To Have Bladder Stones Removed From A Cat

How to Tell if Your Cat Has a Bladder Infection

As with all veterinary procedures, the cost of a cystotomy to remove bladder stones in cats can vary from hospital to hospital, and even more from region to region. However, most cystotomies will cost over $1000 US.;

This can understandably be a hard swallow for some kitty parents. You may be able to find a veterinary facility within your region that performs lower cost surgical procedures through subsidizing and donations, getting the cost down to a few hundred dollars.;

If surgery is not an option at all, a prescription diet to dissolve the stones may work, but only for struvite stones. Struvite stones are still the most common stone type in cats, so it is certainly worth trying.

Struvite Stones Are The Most Common Type Of Bladder Stone In Cats

These stones form in alkaline urine and do tend to affect younger cats less than 7 years of age more often. There has been an established link with kitties eating diets higher in magnesium and phosphorous. While these stones do widely affect all cats, a couple of breeds including the Ragdoll may be at higher risk. Male cats, and especially neutered male cats are also considered to be at higher risk.

Cat Urinary Blockage Recovery

by catnapdoctor | Apr 27, 2017 | Cat Health |

Have you ever seen your cat hunching over and crying in pain while peeing? You might think your cat is trying to poop but in reality it might already be experiencing a urinary blockage. Urethral obstruction occurs in most cats 1 to 10 years of age and is most frequent in male cats.

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Excessive Urination: Underlying Causes And Solutions

To know whether your cat is peeing too much, you need to measure her daily consumption of water and the daily urine output. Keep in mind the following levels:

  • Normal urine production: less than 50 ml/kg/day
  • Polyuria : greater than 50 ml/kg/day 5

If your cat is peeing too much, this means that there is surely an underlying problem or ailment.;Excessive urination is mostly the result of increased fluid drinking.

Actually, both increased drinking or increased peeing go side by side. Drinking causes more peeing and more peeing leads to increased thirst and thus increased drinking.

Several diseases can make your cat thirstier, including:

Signs Of Urinary Blockage

3 Ways to Treat Bladder Stones in Cats

Cats that are partially or fully blocked often show some or all of the following signs:

  • Repeatedly straining to urinate in or around the litter box. This is often mistaken for constipation and straining to defecate.
  • Producing only small drops of urine or none at all

  • Crying or howling in or around the litter box or in general
  • Licking at the genitals or around the base of the tail

  • Hiding/lethargy
  • Vomiting and/or refusing to eat

  • Resenting being touched, especially around the abdomen

Cats can experience partial or complete urinary blockage and their signs can vary greatly. With a partial blockage, an affected cat may seem uncomfortable or in pain and spend excess time repeatedly going in and out of the litter box. An owner may notice urinary accidents around the house or find small puddles of urine in the litter box or unusual places.

As the condition progresses to a full urinary blockage and the cat is unable to pass any urine, the signs become more intense and the cat may experience life-threatening complications. It is common for a blocked cat to vomit, lose its appetite and become extremely lethargic. If left untreated, the urinary blockage can lead to kidney failure and death within 24 to 48 hours.

If your cat is showing any of the above signs, see your veterinarian or go to the nearest emergency clinic immediately.

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Changing The Way Your Cat Feels

If your cat associates her litter box with unpleasant things, you can work to help her develop new and pleasant associations. Cats cant be forced to enjoy something, and trying to show your cat that her litter box is safe by placing her in the box will likely backfire and increase her dislike of the box. Its usually not a good idea to try to train your cat to use her litter box by offering her treats like you would a dog, because many cats do not like attention while theyre eliminating. However, a professional animal behavior consultant, such as a Certified Applied Animal Behaviorist or a board-certified veterinary behaviorist may be able to help you design a successful retraining or counterconditioning program. Please see our article, Finding Professional Behavior Help, for information about locating an applied animal behavior professional.

Sometimes retraining to overcome litter-box fears or aversions may not be necessary. Here are some steps that you can try to help your cat learn new pleasant associations:

Treatment for Household Stress

Treatment for Multi-Cat Household Conflict


Always consult with your veterinarian or a veterinary behaviorist before giving your cat any type of medication for a behavior problem.

What To Do If Your Cat Eliminates Outside The Litter Box

Basic Tips for Making Cats Feel Better About Using Their Litter Boxes

  • Virtually all cats like clean litter boxes, so scoop and change your cats litter at least once a day. Rinse the litter box out completely with baking soda or unscented soap once a week.
  • The majority of cats prefer large boxes that they can enter easily. Plastic sweater storage containers make excellent litter boxes.
  • Most cats like a shallow bed of litter. Provide one to two inches of litter rather than three to four inches.
  • Most cats prefer clumping, unscented litter.
  • Your cat may prefer the type of litter she used as a kitten.
  • Most cats dont like box liners or lids on their boxes.
  • Cats like their litter boxes located in a quiet but not cornered location. They like to be able to see people or other animals approaching, and they like to have multiple escape routes in case they want to leave their boxes quickly.
  • Because self-cleaning boxes are generally cleaner than traditional types of litter boxes, many cats accept them readily. However, if youre using a self-cleaning litter box and your cat starts eliminating outside the box, try switching to a traditional type of litter box.

Resolving a Litter-Box Problem

The first step in resolving elimination outside the litter box is to rule out urine marking and medical problems. Have your cat checked thoroughly by a veterinarian. Once your veterinarian determines that your cat doesnt have a medical condition or issue, try following these guidelines:

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Why Does My Cat Soil Indoors

There are numerous reasons why an individual cat would start to soil indoors. In some cases, the problem can be persistent and it is advisable to discuss it with your veterinarian rather than leave it to resolve on its own. If this is the case your vet will refer you to a specialist in cat behaviour.

When Cats Are Peeing Blood They Tend To Start Peeing Outside The Litter Box


You may start discovering blood spots on your rugs, furniture or a pile of clothes.

We know of a cat that had a bladder infection for a few days. It jumped up and peed in the sink while the family was doing dishes!

If you cat is peeing blood and youre finding spots around the house, its time to get your cat checked.

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Symptoms Of Cat Bladder Problems:

In either case of a cat bladder problem, typicalsymptoms such as painful andstrained urination, frequent but reduced volumes of urine are passed and an affected cat may ignore litter box training andstart to urinate in inappropriate places.

Other then the typical symptoms, clinically,different conditions may beidentified by problem specific symptoms. In the case of infection,blood andpus may pass at the end of the urine stream. Urine may appear cloudyand darkin color.

Similarly, in the case of cat bladder stones, fresh blood may appear intheurine. It will appear thoroughly mixed together and appear light pinkto reddishin color. Crystals of calculi may pass, represented by severe painduring urination.

Urinary obstruction is common in cases ofcancerous development. Projections or the existence of acompact mass not only blocks the urinary tract, but can also causesecondaryinfections and severe inflammation. This can result in a partial orcompleteblockage, ending with extreme pain and possible cat renal failure.

An obstruction may be congenital insome cases.Generalized loss of body condition, anorexia, weight loss and weaknessmay occur in cases that include infection or cat bladder cancer.

Prescriptions From The Vet

The vet is your first line of contact when you need to treat your cats UTI. If your vet sees it as necessary, they may prescribe antibiotics for the infection. They will likely prescribe an oral medication or an injectable medication. These antibiotics get rid of the infection or reduce inflammation. ;

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Medical Problems That Can Cause Inappropriate Elimination

Urinary Tract Infection

If your cat frequently enters her litter box and seems to produce only small amounts of urine, she may have a urinary tract infection. See a veterinarian to rule out this possible medical problem.

Feline Interstitial Cystitis

Feline interstitial cystitis is a neurological disease that affects a cats bladder . Cats with cystitis will attempt to urinate frequently and may look as if they are straining, but with little success. They may lick themselves where they urinate, and they may have blood in their urine. Feline interstitial cystitis can cause a cat to eliminate outside of her box, but this is only because of the increased urgency to urinate and because there is pain involved in urination. Feline interstitial cystitis is very serious and can be life-threatening to the cat. It must be treated immediately by a veterinarian.

Kidney Stones or Blockage

If your cat has kidney stones or a blockage, she may frequently enter her litter box. She may also experience pain and meow or cry when she tries to eliminate. Her abdomen may be tender to the touch.

Clinical Signs Of Bladder Stones In Cats

Feeling Bloated and Problem Waterworks!

The signs that cats with bladder stones display differ depending on where the stones are located in the urinary tract. Many times, cats with bladder stones exhibit no signs at all. Other times, the stones may cause bladder irritation or infections, which may present as frequent trips to the litter box, frequent urination, blood in the urine, vocalizing while urinating, urinary accidents and decreased urination.

If a urinary stone becomes stuck, it may cause urinary obstruction also known as a blocked urethra so the cat cannot urinate at all. This is a life-threatening condition that requires prompt intervention. This is most often seen in male cats. If you notice your cat trying to urinate, but doing so unsuccessfully, you should see your veterinarian promptly. It’s also important to consider that a cat with urinary obstruction may act like they’re constipated. While the behavior may look similar, the results can be drastic if you notice this behavior, it is likely a good idea to call your local vet to get their recommendation.

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Is My Cat Likely To Get A Bladder Infection

Bladder infections can be caused by crystals, bacteria, diseases such as diabetes, and even stress. While theyre relatively rare in healthy cats, all cats can contract bladder infections, though they are more common in female cats, elderly cats, overweight cats, house cats and those with a weakened immune system.

When they do occur, bladder infections and UTIs can be very painful, and can even lead to permanent damage to the kidneys and urinary tract, so treatment is vital.;

What Is Urinary Blockage

Urinary blockage, also known as urinary or urethral obstruction, is a problem most easily developed in male cats. It is a problem that occurs when the urethra the tube that drains urine from their bladder to the penis is obstructed, inflamed, or compressed. Often times, inflammatory material such as mucus and small stones cause the obstruction of the urethra. Obstruction can also be caused by tumor, scarring, and lesions.

Read this if you see blood in cat urine.

When the urethra is blocked, the urine cannot be drained and the kidneys stop producing more urine since the bladder is still full. When the kidneys stop working, the cats body can no longer get rid of toxins from the blood or balance fluids and electrolytes which can lead to kidney failure or death. Male cats are more susceptible to urethral obstruction due to the smaller size of the opening of their urethra compared to that of female cats. However, it also occurs with female cats as well as dogs.

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Can Bladder Stones Be Prevented

Prevention is possible in many cases. There are at least four types of bladder stones in cats, each based on what they are made up of. If bladder stones are removed surgically or if small ones pass in the urine, they should be analyzed for their chemical composition. This allows your veterinarian to determine if a special diet or medication is appropriate. Regular checks of urine samples, or ultrasound examination of the bladder are helpful in all cases to detect early return of the problem and allow adjustments in diet or treatment.

Contributors: Malcolm Weir, DVM, MSc, MPH; Ernest Ward, DVM

Bladder Cancer In Cats: Treatment

Urinary Tract Infections in Cats

In most cases of bladder cancer, surgery is not possible. Your vet might recommend NSAIDs , chemotherapy, or radiation for treatment.

Its important to know, though, that there are affordable natural products for bladder cancer in cats!

We are excited to share an amazing;product made from a medicinal mushroom: PIPTOPET. This mother tincture works at boosting your pets immune system to help them in their fight against the disease. It can be used to before of ater a cancer diagnostic and can be used;for long-term!

We understand that you are facing lots of hard decisions, and you have lots of information to learn and understand. If you need any help, or have any questions, please feel free to call, chat, or email us! Fill out our Free Consultation form so we can see how we can help!

If you found this article helpful, or you have a pet suffering from bladder cancer, leave a comment below and share this article with your friends and family!

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What Can I Do At Home With Natural Remedies For Cat Urinary Tract Infections

There are many natural at-home treatments for a cat UTI, but the first area that must be addressed is diet.

Best cat diet

As previously discussed, the urine pH is directly affected by what youre feeding your cat.

If your cat is on a dry kibble diet, its important to start transitioning to at least a canned food diet.; High carb diets cause an increase in urine pH which can lead to struvite crystals forming.

Also, cats are not great water drinkers, and its important to increase the moisture content in their food.; This helps dilute the urine and flush the kidneys and bladder, helping to prevent bacterial UTIs and crystals in the urine.

Other diets that are optimal for cats that are an obligate carnivore include freeze-dried or even raw diets.

Many pet parents are worried about feeding a raw diet so make sure to start slow or reach out if you need additional help and guidance.

Remember, when changing your cats diet, many cats have developed a preference for eating dry food and can be stubborn to change.

Also, we need to adjust the type of beneficial bacteria in their gut microbiome to help reduce the risk of GI upset.; This is why starting with a slow transition over 2 weeks can help reduce any unwanted GI effects, but some cats may take longer, especially if theyre addicted to kibble.

Patience is key.

Essential oils are not all equal, and cats can be sensitive to certain types of essential oils.; to learn more about how to use essential oils safely in your pets.

Can You Feel Your Cats Bladder To Tell If It Is Full Or Empty

Of course, you can easily locate and palpate your cats bladder. Not only this, most of feline owners who have a cat with urination problems help their cat by manually expressing their cats bladder.

Crazy, right?

Heres how you can express your cats bladder:

Ill assume your cat is of average size. First, slip your hand under your cats belly and a little bit closer to the rear part just below the ribs.

Feel the abdomen which will be slightly higher than the leg sockets. Beneath the abdominal part of the spine is the colon and beneath that is the bladder. The bladder will feel smooth much like a water balloon.

After locating the bladder, gently apply pressure to that area and feel if there is any rebound. The presence of rebound means that the bladder is almost full, and the cat needs to urinate.

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How Are Bladder Stones Diagnosed

Inflammatory diseases of the bladder are common in cats, and produce the same signs as bladder stones. Therefore, we do not assume a cat has bladder stones based only on these clinical signs.

Some bladder stones can be palpated or felt with the fingers through the abdominal wall. However, failure to feel bladder stones does not rule them out because many are too small to be detected this way.

Most bladder stones are visible on radiographs , or by an ultrasound exam of the bladder. These diagnostic imaging techniques should be performed on cats that show signs of abdominal pain or have repeated bouts of blood in the urine or straining.

“Most bladder stones are visible on radiographs , or by an ultrasound exam of the bladder.”

Some types of bladder stones are radiolucent, meaning they cannot be seen on a normal radiographs. This is because their mineral makeup does not reflect X-ray beams. They can be detected by an ultrasound examination, or with contrast radiographs a specialized technique that uses dye or contrast material to outline the stones within the bladder.


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