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How To Give Subcutaneous Fluids To A Difficult Cat

What Should You Do If Your Cat Is In The Hospital

How to Give Subcutaneous Fluids to Your Cat at Home

If you are likely to fall apart seeing your cat in a hospital setting, possibly on intravenous fluids, with bandages, or unconscious or groggy from anesthesia drugs, your distress will transfer to your cat, and visiting may not be in your cats best interest. Ensure that you can be there, should your hospitalized cat pass away

How Is Cardiomyopathy Treated

In cases where an underlying cause of the heart disease is found, then treatment of this condition may result in improvement or reversal of the heart disease.Hyperthyroidism is the most treatable cause of cardiomyopathy since complete resolution of the heart disease is possible if diagnosed and treated early. In cases where no cause is identified and in cases where disease remains following treatment for an underlying cause then medication may be needed.

Treatment varies according to each case but may include:

  • Diuretics if congestive heart failure is present.
  • Beta blockers to reduce the heart rate where this is excessive.
  • Calcium channel blockers to help the heart muscle relax and hence help more effective filling of the heart.
  • Aspirin may be used for its effects at reducing the risk of thrombus formation and thrombo-embolic disease. Dosing of aspirin should always be as advised by a veterinarian since as pirin may be toxic to cats. Aspirin poisoning, which occurs if the dose or frequency of aspirin administration is too high, may cause vomiting and internal bleeding. If your cat shows these signs, stops eating or appears sick, aspirin therapy should be stopped and you should consult your veterinarian immediately.
  • ACE inhibitors – these drugs also help to control congestive heart failure.
  • The long term outlook for a cat with cardiomyopathy is extremely variable depending on the cause of this disease. Cats with idiopathic cardiomyopathy may remain stable for several years.

    How Can You Tell When A Cat Is Dehydrated

    These include listlessness, refusal to eat, panting, sunken eyes and dry, tacky gums. A good test to see if your cat is dehydrated is skin tenting. To do this, take a pinch of skin around her shoulders and gently pull it up if she is adequately hydrated it should ping straight back into place.

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    Hanging The Bag Correctly

    • You need a way to hang it, though, and a wire coat hanger works great for this.
    • Bend the hook of the hanger so it’s perpendicular to the rest of the hanger.
    • Then slip the hanger’s hook through the open slit at the top of the fluid bag and swing the bag around so the side with the numbers on it faces out .

    Hang the bag on a hanger with the hook bent so that it is perpendicular to the rest of the hanger.

    • Next, you need somewhere elevated to hang the bag so that the fluid can drip down and into the cat.
    • Some recommend buying an IV stand from a medical supply company. That’s not really necessary. If your chair or couch is next to a closet, you can swing the closet door open and hang the bag there, numbers facing you. Or you can hang it from a nearby door-frame or a wall shelf and position the bag to face you. One kitty owner says she puts a towel in the bathroom sink, puts her cat there, and gives it fluids from a bag hanging on the shower curtain rod.
    • As long as the fluid line is at least two feet higher than the cat and reaches it without being pulled tight, it will work.
    • You want to position it so the bag and your kitty can become one, and you can clearly see the bag and its numbers as you administer the fluid.

    Hang the bag off of the top of a door or somewhere else where it will be at least two feet above the cat.

    Warm Up The Bag Of Fluids

    How to Give Subcutaneous Fluids to a Difficult Cat

    This is optional but can be important. Slightly warm up the bag of fluids if required. Submerging the bag in a bowl of lukewarm water is popular. Talk to your vet clinic to find out how warm to go. You typically just want to take the chill out of it. If you are in any doubt, just go room temperature. Some cats dont mind if their fluids are room temperature, others really want them warmed. You can also use a microwave to warm up the fluid bag, but ensure no metal parts or needles are attached to the bag when you do so, and that the bag is thoroughly agitated so there are no hot spots within it. Get clearance from your vet first to make sure your microwave will work with the IV set, and that the microwave settings youll use will produce the right temperature.

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    Can You Give A Cat Iv Fluid Therapy

    Fluid therapy can be difficult for a cats system, when it is already overtaxed by disease. Additionally, most IV treatments require overnight stays at the vet without any staff. If your cat is undergoing treatment in the IV stage, he is not likely to eat correctly because of upset stomach, which can even further imbalance his hydration levels.

    What Is Constipation

    Constipation can be defined as an abnormal accumulation of feces resulting in difficult bowel movements. This may result in reduced frequency or absence of defecation. The feces are retained in the large intestine or colon. Since one of the functions of the colon is water absorption, the retained feces become hard and dry, which makes fecal passage even more difficult.

    Constipated cats strain in an attempt to defecate resulting in abdominal pain. Some constipated cats may pass small amounts of liquid feces or blood. They will often vomit during and/or after straining to defecate, whether or not feces are produced. They will also often lose their appetite and/or become lethargic when they are constipated.Many constipated cats will defecate outside the box and often it is unintentional. They may start out in the litter box trying to defecate but little or nothing comes out until they start to walk away. The physical activity of walking helps some feces fall out to the ground. Alternatively, they may defecate wherever they are if they get the urge, which can be very frequently since their colon is so full and a litter box may be too far away. Finally, they may start to associate the pain of straining and difficult defecation with the litter box and develop an aversion to using it because of that.

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    What Is The Long

    As long as a constipated cat receives its daily medications as prescribed by the veterinarian, cats do well. The long-term outlook varies according to the cause of the constipation however, the vast majority of cats can be adequately managed without surgery and resume normal, healthy lives. It is imperative that you stay in close communication with your veterinarian about what treatments are successful and which are failing so that you can continue to be guided on further steps to ensure the best possible management of the problem.

    Is It Ok To Euthanise An Old Cat With Kidney Failure

    Give SQ (subcutaneous) fluids like a pro and save your cat

    He was diagnosed with chronic kidney disease about a month ago and was on IV drip for 2 days. The vet told us that since he was so old it was unlikely that medicines and fluids would do much to help him and recommended that we euthanise him but we wanted to give him another chance so we took him home.

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    Complications Of Fluid Administration

    Complications are actually very uncommon, but if there is anything you are concerned about, seek advice from your vet without delay. If your cat develops a persistent swelling at the site of injection, and especially if this becomes hard, warm and painful, this could indicate some local infection that will require treatment.

    How To Give Subcutaneous Fluids To Your Cat

    21st August 2018

    Subcutaneous fluid administration is the term used to describe giving fluids into the space under the skin from where it can be slowly absorbed into the blood and body.

    This is a very useful way of providing additional fluids to cats and helping to manage and prevent dehydration.

    With chronic kidney disease , cats usually produce more urine than usual, and may become dehydrated as they may not drink sufficiently to compensate for the fluid loss. This can make the kidney disease worse, and regular SQ fluid administration can be a valuable management tool for these cats. SQ fluids may be given by your vet, but can often also be given in the home environment, with support from your vet.

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    Is There A Cure For Kidney Failure In Cats

    While not curable, kidney failure in cats is treated using a range of therapies, with most aiming to reduce the kidneys workload, minimize waste products in the blood, replace lost nutrients, and manage clinical signs. Subcutaneous fluids are often administered to cats who have become dehydrated. Chronic kidney failure is not curable.

    What Other Tips Do I Need To Know

    Giving SubQ Fluids Can Save Your Cat  Heres How to Do It ...

    It is usually not necessary to “sterilize” the skin with alcohol before inserting the needle. In reality, wiping a little alcohol on the skin does not really sterilize it and the odor and feel of alcohol may aggravate your cat.

    • Most cats tolerate fluid administration quite well. However, if the fluids are unusually cold or hot, they may be uncomfortable. Ideally, the fluids should be stored at about body temperature. However, as long as they are at room temperature most cats are fine. Do not refrigerate them.
    • As the fluids are running, a lump will form under the skin. Do not be alarmed this pocket of fluid will be absorbed over the next few hours. If absorption is slow, gravity may cause the fluids to migrate downward along the side of the body. Fluids may even move under the skin of the front or rear legs in rare instances. Do not be alarmed. If this happens, the fluids will still be absorbed and your cat will not be in any pain or discomfort.
    • You will not cause any problems if a few bubbles of air are injected under the skin. If quite a bit of air gets under the skin, you may feel a crackling sound when you push on the skin, and your cat may experience mild discomfort for a couple of hours, but no real harm or damage will occur. The body will eventually absorb the air without any difficulty.

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    What Fluids Are Used For Sq Administration

    You must only use fluids given to you by your vet specifically for this purpose. The fluids are the same as those used for intravenous administration, and are sterile . Your vet will give you instructions on how much to administer and how frequently, and supply you with additional materials needed to administer the fluids .

    The most common fluid given to cats is a balanced electrolyte solution known as Hartmanns or Lactated Ringers solution, although others are also available.

    What To Do If Your Cat Vomits Frequently

    If your cats vomiting is severe or frequent, youll want to talk to your vet. She may recommend fluid therapy or anti-emetic medication until your cat feels better. She might also want to test or evaluate your cat for any underlying causes like disease or infection.

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    Become Confident With The What

    What if the needle falls out at some point? Well, youll join the club of us who regularly have saline on the kitchen floor. It cleans easily of course. Just put on a new needle and keep on going if you didnt get it all the fluid. What if I see blood leaking out? Its normal to see some tea-colored fluid leaking from the little lump. Its okay, and it doesnt hurt them. What if that fluid lump doesnt go away within six hours, or my cat looks ill afterwards? Your cat needs a different amount of fluids, or has an underlying issue that needs to be diagnosed at your clinic.

    Again, giving SQ fluids can be a trial-and-error process, but remember two things. First, you cant hurt your cat with the needle by inserting it subcutaneously. Second, it wont go perfectly every time. Some sessions will be more successful than others. The cat is learning. You are learning. But by giving those fluids, you are part of a group of people who can see their cats live longer and healthier despite illness. Just like Zack and his assortment of issues. Always check with your vet before administering any treatment or following any advice you read on the internet.

    Heres a video for more hands-on instruction for giving SQ fluids:

    All photos courtesy Dr. Kris Chandroo.

    How To Control The Flow Of Cat Iv Fluid

    How to Give Subcutaneous Fluids to Cats (SQF)

    Remove the fluid line from its plastic wrapping. Youll see a little flow-control box on the line that controls how fast the fluid comes out of the bag. Slide that little box down the line until its about 12 inches away from the needle end of the line, so its in reach when you want to adjust the flow.

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    Subcutaneous Injections For Cat=beyond Frustratingapril : 42 Pm Subscribe

    hazel79Pets & Animals4 users marked this as a favoriteUfez Jones7:47 PMhazel79Does this get better?hazel79 I grabbed a new needle and made a couple of more attempts to grab some skinEyebrows McGee7:54 PMradioamy7:55 PMhazel798:03 PMDoes this get better?LinusI stabbed myself with the needle a couple-three times, and it really doesn’t hurt – that thing is sharp! I mostly would only realize I’d stabbed myself because I’d notice I was bleeding on the poor cat.rtha8:05 PMusing a binder clipOrangeDisk8:12 PMRock Steady8:13 PMbookmammal8:16 PMhaunted_pomegranate8:21 PMhazel798:22 PMAthanassiel8:50 PMKoko9:43 PMamtho9:47 PMnephilim.11:17 PMEmpressCallipygos3:37 AMthomas j wise4:11 AMhazel797:45 AMcyndigo8:54 AMPocahontas9:41 AM majorerratic meatsack10:35 AMTanya’s websitea page on sub-q fluidshow to make it easiererractic meatsackmerejane11:12 AMkitty burrito. 9:51 AMfewvideoswhatideserve10:20 AM EZ IV Harnessmerejane11:08 AMTanya’s websiteplatinum1:42 PMplatinum1:45 PMhazel794:31 PMjenjenc7:37 PMangrycat3:03 PM« OlderNewer »

    Hold The Needle Bevel Up

    Point downwards, bevel up, and insert the needle. Its sharper and more comfortable for cats when you position the needle that way. When you insert the needle, really push it in.

    Dont just gently scratch them back, which will irritate them. Use a firm, gentle push.

    Some cats will not react at all. Some might look around, vocalize once, or be grumpy, but theyre won over with some attention or treats. Usually we dont recommend fluids to be done at home if your cat gets overly upset . We do have cats who regularly come into the vet clinic to receive fluids when they required them. The cats and people are happier this way.

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    Treatment Of High Phosphorus

    Blood levels of phosphorus can rise above normal in CKD and this makes cats feel badly and cause other problems in the body. There are no medications to lower the phosphorus in the blood. Subcutaneous fluids will help dilute and flush phosphorus out. Prescription kidney diets are low in phosphorus. Additionally we can use phosphorus binders which bind to phosphorus in food and escort it out of the body in feces so that it never enters the bloodstream. These phosphorus binders can sometimes decrease the palatability of food for a cat that already may not want to eat, so we may not be able to use these phosphorus binders in some cats.

    What Is Subcutaneous Fluid Administration

    Giving SubQ Fluids Can Save Your Cat  Heres How to Do It ...

    A variety of conditions are treated in cats with subcutaneous fluid administration. This refers to the procedure of administering fluid, usually lactated ringer’s solution, through a needle inserted under the skin. This treatment is used to treat or prevent dehydration in your cat and is commonly prescribed for cats with kidney disease, but also for cats experiencing dehydration in a variety of situations in which intravenous therapy is not a good option for administering fluids.

    This procedure may be performed by your veterinarian in response to an acute conditions resulting in dehydration or when chronic kidney disease is present. Your veterinarian may instruct the pet owner on how to administer fluids at home to care for an animal with a chronic condition.

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    Can You Give A Cat Too Much Subcutaneous Fluids

    It IS possible to over hydrate so dont immediately think if some is good more is better. Its not. Only give the amount of fluids as recommended by your vet. Too much subcutaenous fluids can cause hypertension and cats that have heart problems can develop fluid buildup in the body.

    Fluid buildup in a cat with heart problems can become a medical emergency. So to reiterate only give the amount prescribed by your vet.


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