Brand Names And Other Names Of Tobramycin
What Is Tobramycin 03% Ophthalmic Solution For Dogs And Cats
- Tobramycin Ophthalmic Solution is a prescription antibiotic eye drop used in many animals to treat bacterial infections in the eye, eyelids, or conjunctiva.
Why do cats and dogs use Tobramycin Eye Drops?
- Your veterinarian may prescribe Tobramycin Ophthalmic Solution if your cat or dog has a bacterial infection of the eye.
- Tobramycin Ophthalmic Solution may be prescribed to bacterial conjunctivitis, also known as Pink Eye.
- Tobramycin may also be prescribed to treat bacterial infections that have not responded to other antibiotics.
- Tobramycin will not treat viral infections.
What else should I know about Tobramycin Eye Drops?
- There are approximately 20 drops per milliliter in the solution.
- Store Tobramycin Eye Drops at room temperature or in the refrigerator, away from moisture and sunlight.
What problems could my dog or cat have with Tobramycin Eye Drops?
- Do not use the Tobramycin Eye Drops if they change color, become cloudy, or if you see particles in the solution.
- Tobramycin Eye Drops may cause mild burning, stinging, irritation, or redness of the eye.
How do you use Tobramycin Eye Drops?
- Use proper administration techniques to avoid contamination of the bottle. Keep the cap on when not in use.
- Wait 5 minutes after giving the Tobramycin in the eye before administering any other eye medication.
What is in Tobramycin Eye Drops?
- Tobramycin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic that kills bacteria by stopping the production of proteins in the bacteria.
How To Use Tobramycin Ophthalmic
Tilt your head back, look upward and pull down the lower eyelid to make a pouch. Hold the dropper directly over your eye and place one drop into the pouch. Look downward and gently close your eyes for 1 to 2 minutes. Place one finger at the corner of your eye and apply gentle pressure. This will prevent the medication from draining out. Try not to blink and do not rub your eye. Repeat these steps for your other eye if so directed, and if your dose is for more than 1 drop.
Do not rinse the dropper. Replace the dropper cap after each use.
If you are using another kind of eye medication , wait at least 5 to 10 minutes before applying other medications. Use eye drops before eye ointments to allow the eye drops to enter the eye.
Use this medication regularly in order to get the most benefit from it. Remember to use it at the same times each day. Continue to use this medication for the full time prescribed even if symptoms disappear after a few days. Stopping the medication too early may allow bacteria to continue to grow, which may result in a relapse of the infection.
Inform your doctor if your condition persists or worsens.
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How Should I Use Tobramycin Ophthalmic
Follow all directions on your prescription label. Do not use this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.
Tobramycin ophthalmic is usually given as 1 to 2 drops into the affected eye every 4 hours. For a severe infection, you may need to use 2 drops every hour for a short time before reducing the dose and number of drops per day. Your doctor will tell you how long to keep using the medicine. Follow your doctor’s dosing instructions very carefully.
Do not use this medicine while wearing contact lenses. Tobramycin ophthalmic may contain a preservative that can discolor soft contact lenses. Wait at least 15 minutes after using this medicine before putting in your contact lenses.
Wash your hands before using eye medication.
To apply the eye drops:
Tilt your head back slightly and pull down your lower eyelid to create a small pocket. Hold the dropper above the eye with the tip down. Look up and away from the dropper and squeeze out a drop.
Close your eyes for 2 or 3 minutes with your head tipped down, without blinking or squinting. Gently press your finger to the inside corner of the eye for about 1 minute, to keep the liquid from draining into your tear duct.
Use only the number of drops your doctor has prescribed. If you use more than one drop, wait about 5 minutes between drops.
Wait at least 10 minutes before using any other eye drops your doctor has prescribed.
To apply the ointment:
How Should Tobrex Eye Drops Be Used
You should take your Tobrex Eye Drops by shaking the bottle well, tilting your head back, pulling the lower eyelid to form a pouch and applying 1-2 drops into this conjunctival sac. You should apply your Tobrex Eye Drops every 4 hours or hourly for severe infections until symptoms improve and then reduce the frequency again. You should continue to use your Tobrex Eye Drops for 7-10 days until the infection has cleared. If you wear contact lenses, these should be removed before adding your Tobrex Eye Drops and not returned for at least 15 minutes after application.
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Treatment Of Corneal Ulcers
The goals of treatment of corneal ulcers are to:
- Prevent/treat infection
- Prevent/stop progression through the corneal stroma
- Prevent/treat pain
- Provide structural support or facilitate healing when necessary
For a simple ulcer with no apparent underlying cause, treatment with a topical antibiotic three to four times daily may be all that is needed. Most owners find it easier to apply drops than ointments, so I typically prescribe/dispense antibiotic solution unless there is a specific condition that is an indication for use of ointments . A topical aminoglycoside or triple antibiotic combination are good choices. For pain relief, if a dog is only minimally painful, I may apply one dose of topical atropine in the exam room. This will last for a few days in a dog, and this should be sufficient for an ulcer that one expects to heal. If the ulcer is more painful, supplement with your choice of oral pain relievers, an NSAID and/or tramadol and/or gabapentin.
Certainly, if you find an underlying cause such as an aberrant hair or entropion, address this, in conjunction with your ophthalmologist if needed.
Recommend that the owner makes a recheck within a week, and prior to that time if the pet is painful, as judged by blepharospasm.
What Is Ciprofloxacin Ophthalmic
Ciprofloxacin ophthalmic solution and ointment are antibacterial agents used in the treatment of bacterial infections of the eye in cats and dogs
Its use in dogs and cats is off label or extra label. Many drugs are commonly prescribed for off label use in veterinary medicine. In these instances, follow your veterinarians directions and cautions very carefully.
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When Should Tobrex Eye Drops Not Be Used
You should not use Tobrex Eye Drops if you:
- are allergic to tobramycin or any other aminoglycoside antibiotic or any ingredients in Tobrex Eye Drops
- are pregnant or are breastfeeding, without discussion with your doctor
- have had uncomplicated removal of a corneal foreign body
- are at risk of developing glaucoma
- are taking a systemic aminoglycoside antibiotic
Side Effects Of Tobramycin Eye Drops For Cats
Each and every medicine has some minimal or major side effects. Here are some of the sideeffectsof tobramycin eye drops for cats:
- Mild burning sensation in the eyes.
- Heavy breathing.
- Swelling of the throat.
Itching, stinging, irritation, or redness of the eyes.
Remember, not to use the medicine for a longer period of time because it may result in an eye infection. Contact your veterinarian if the situation is getting worse.
If any of these effects start getting severe, worsen, or continue to be a problem, contact your veterinarian. Heavy breathing or swelling of the throat may indicate a severe allergic reaction to this drug. The allergic reaction to this drug is rare but, still, if you notice any kind of serious reaction such as dizziness, difficulty in breathing, itchiness, swelling of face or throat then get medical help right away.
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What Should I Avoid While Using Tobramycin Ophthalmic
tobramycin ophthalmic may cause blurred vision and may impair your reactions. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be able to see clearly.
Do not use other eye medications unless your doctor tells you to.
Avoid wearing contact lenses until you no longer have symptoms of the eye infection.
About Tobramycin For Eye Infections
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Tobramycin eye drops are prescribed to treat bacterial eye infections. They work by helping to kill the germs which are causing the infection.
Eye infections are a common cause of conjunctivitis. In conjunctivitis, your eye becomes inflamed, feels gritty, and may water more than usual. The white of your eye may look red, and your eyelids may become swollen and stuck together with a discharge when you wake up in the morning. Only one eye may be infected to begin with, but it often spreads to both eyes. Although infective conjunctivitis may clear without treatment, for more severe infections or for infections which do not clear on their own, antibiotic eye drops like tobramycin are helpful.
Tobramycin is also available combined with a medicine called dexamethasone in eye drops called Tobradex®. This combination brand helps to prevent infection and reduces inflammation after eye cataract surgery.
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What Is Tobrex Eye Drops Used For
Tobrex Eye Drops 0.3% are used to treat external bacterial infections of the eye and its adnexa, which are the external parts of the eye, including eyelids, lacrimal apparatus , conjunctiva also eyelashes. Common eye infections include conjunctivitis , which is infection of the conjunctiva blepharitis, which is inflammation of the eyelid caused by infection stye, which is infection of an eyelash follicle that leads to blockage of the oil producing glands of the eyelids. Symptoms of eye infection include, pain, foreign body sensation , gritty sensation, redness, discharge from the eye, blurred vision, sensitivity to light. The most common bacterial species to infect the eye is staphylococcus. Tobrex Eye Drops prevent spread of infection and help relieve symptoms of infection of the eye.
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Tobramycin Ophthalmic Solution is a common aminoglycoside antibiotic solution for dogs and cats, used to treat common eye infections – particularly conjunctivitis – as well as ease discomfort during the healing process. Antibiotic drops should be administered to your pet as soon as symptoms of an infection are present.
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How Is Ciprofloxacin Ophthalmic Given
Ciprofloxacin ophthalmic is a liquid that comes in a bottle with a dropper tip, or as an ointment. It is important not to touch the dropper or ointment tip on the eye or any other surface as this may contaminate the product.
You may need assistance when administering eye drops to your pet .
Follow the directions that your veterinarian has provided as dosage instructions differ depending on the infection being treated.
If you are giving more than one eye medication, make sure you allow at least 5 to 10 minutes between medications, or follow the specific instructions from your veterinarian.
This medication will take effect quickly, in about 1 to 2 hours, but visible effects may take a few days to be recognized.
Is It Indolent Or Infected
If an ulcer is indolent , it will not heal on its own. This condition only occurs in middle-aged to older dogs. An indolent ulcer is superficial and has loose epithelial margins. The pathogenesis of this condition is that the superficial corneal stroma becomes unhealthy and unable to maintain attachments to the overlying corneal epithelium. The hallmark is the presence of loose epithelial margins at the edge of the ulcer. Indolent ulcers are common I see several of these every week, so your index of suspicion for this condition should be high in an older dog.
An infected ulcer is a serious condition that can become a descemetocele or perforation in only a day or two. Most pets with corneal ulcers with secondary bacterial infections will exhibit considerable pain . Upon close inspection, the area of the stroma surrounding the ulcer may be opaque with a white to tan infiltrate. Corneal ulceration causes a reflex uveitis which can be severe in cases of secondary infection. Signs include miosis relative to the fellow eye, aqueous flare, and hypopyon. The presence of hypopyon in an eye with a corneal ulcer typically indicates an infection on the corneal surface, not inside the eye. In contrast, bacterial endophthalmitis is very rare in small animals.
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How Does Tobrex Eye Drops Work
Tobrex Eye Drops 0.3% contain tobramycin, an antibiotic belonging to the aminoglycosides group of antibiotics. Tobramycin in Tobrex Eye Drops is a broad spectrum antibiotic that works by binding to bacterial ribosomes and blocking the translation of RNA into important proteins, which ultimately kills the bacteria. Tobramycin in Tobrex Eye Drops is effective against Staphylococci aureus and Streptococcus pneumoniae, which are the most predominant bacterial species to infect the eye and are normally found around the eye but can cause infection if they penetrate the eye or if the immune system is not effective. Other susceptible bacteria that can cause eye infection include Haemophilus and Moraxella. Tobrex Eye Drops are for topical use only and exert their bactericidal effects locally in the eye, with little systemic action.
Dosing Information Of Tobramycin For Dogs And Cats
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What About That New Miracle Drop
There are several commercially-available preparations that have been marketed to facilitate healing of corneal ulcers. At this point, there is no credible evidence that any of these preparations is more useful than any other artificial tears. So, is it worth recommending these medications for treatment of ulcers? These are not likely to cause any harm, with the caveat that owners will not always administer all medications as directed. If owners are having difficulty administering medications, they may skip some doses, and they often do not know which medications are the most important so may skip them, instead going with the medication with the coolest label.
What Should I Do In Case Of Emergency
When used as an eye medication, overdoses are unlikely. If your pet eats the medication, toxic effects could occur. If you suspect an overdose or an adverse reaction to the medication, call your veterinary office immediately. If they are not available, follow their directions in contacting an emergency facility.
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Precautions And Side Effects
How Does Tobramycin Ophthalmic Solution Usp 03% Work
Tobramycin Ophthalmic Solution USP, 0.3% is effective against susceptible microorganisms, including: Staphylococci, such as S. aureus and S. epidermidis , as well as penicillin-resistant strains Streptococci including some of the Group A-beta-hemolytic species, some nonhemolytic species, and some Streptococcus pneumoniae Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Enterobacter aerogenes, Proteus mirabilis, Morganella morganii, most Proteus vulgaris strains, Haemophilus influenzae and H. aegyptius, Moraxella lacunata, Acinetobacter calcoaceticus and some Neisseria species. Bacterial susceptibility studies demonstrate that in some cases, microorganisms resistant to gentamicin retain susceptibility to Tobramycin.
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