Preventing Diarrhea In Maine Coon Cats
Many of the treatments are also preventative diet changes and medications could be permanent solutions, depending on what your vet advises.
Make sure your Maine Coon cat is eating an appropriate diet, and seek advice from your vet on specialized foods or prescription options that may be easier to digest. Your vet may also advise you on what you can add to their food to aid in digestion, or help you tweak the balance between your Maine Coons wet and dry food.
Prescriptions may also help, whether it is an over-the-counter antacid that is also digestible by a cat in smaller doses, steroids, or another medication altogether.
If you notice that your Maine Coon is particularly susceptible to stress and change make sure they have a consistent routine as much as possible.
Applying Eye Drops To Cats
The proper administration of eye medication is critical in helping your cat quickly recover from an eye injury or infection. Gently clean away any debris around your cat’s eyes with warm water and a washcloth. Hold the bottle using the thumb and index finger of your dominant hand with the tip pointed downwards. Use the last two fingers of the same hand to pull back the upper eyelid. Place your remaining fingers under the cat’s jaw to support the head. The lower eyelid will act as a pouch to receive the drops. DO NOT touch the eye’s surface with the applicator. Aiming for the center of the eye, squeeze the desired number of drops onto the eyeball.
What Does Blood In My Cat’s Poo Mean
Finding blood in your cats poo can be a frightening sight and its normal to think it always indicates something serious. But there are actually lots of different reasons why there might be blood in your cats stool and many of them are easily treatable. Causes of blood in cat poop include food allergies or eating something unsuitable, infection, parasites, reaction to some medications, anal gland issues and colitis . Even stress can cause blood in your cats poo, for instance if youve recently moved house or its fireworks season. Other possible reasons include pancreatitis, toxicity , cancer or blood disorder. While many of these causes are mild, others are life-threatening and will need emergency treatment so always speak to a vet to be safe.
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Types Of Cat Bloody Stools
Bloody stools can be grouped into two categories: bright red blood or black tarry spots.
Bright red blood in the stool, also known as hematochezia, is usually an indication of damage to the lower tract of the large intestine. This is because the fresh blood shows that it has not undergone any significant change before coming out in the stool.
Dark or tarry blood in the stool is usually an indicator of damage to the upper parts of the digestive tract like the pancreas, stomach, esophagus, or small intestines. The darkness of the blood shows that the blood has gone through significant alterations which would happen in the enzyme-producing organs in the upper GI tract.
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Some soft stool or diarrhea in cats is common with dietary changes or the stress of adapting to a new environment. If your cat has had a small amount of diarrhea once or twice, and if no other symptoms are present it is acceptable to be patient and continue to monitor him/her. Continued, frequent or large amounts of diarrhea can be a sign of something more serious and could lead to dehydration and weight loss.
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The Common Causes Of Vomiting And Diarrhea
When a cat has developed vomiting and diarrhea, there are a few possible reasons why. First, cats might have vomiting and diarrhea because they picked up a stomach bug from somewhere. This might be a viral or bacterial illness. Next, some cats end up vomiting because they ate something they shouldn’t have. Some cats are curious and end up eating non-food items. We also see cats who share a house with other animals and eat food that isn’t meant for them. Finally, cats can also develop vomiting and diarrhea when they experience high levels of stress and anxiety. Cats can sense a shift in their environment. This can create a lot of stress for cats and can cause them to start vomiting or develop diarrhea.
What Can I Do If My Cat Is Kicking Litter Out
Boy, was this a big issue in my house! My cat Zoe was kicking so much litter out of the box that the floor in the area felt like a sandy beach, and I had to keep a broom nearby just to keep up with this messy behavior.
To tackle this grainy issue, I first tried putting a top on the box with a flap in the front. Unfortunately, Zoe did not approve of the flap and let me know right away by pooping at the entrance to the box. However, she was okay with the top, which helped keep some of that litter inside.
I also put a mat under the litter box, which has helped a great deal. You can buy a mat like this online or at a store that sells pet supplies. The mat catches a lot of the litter that gets kicked out, so at least it doesnt spread out all over the floor. While the problem isnt completely solved, its much better now, and I dont always have to sweep up before I start a load of wash.
I hope that answered all of your unasked questions about cat poop. I know I feel like a cat poop expert nowalthough I think Ill avoid adding that to my resume )
The information presented in this article is for educational and informational purposes only and does not constitute or substitute for the advice of your veterinarian.
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What Are Some Causes Of Diarrhea
Diarrhea is not a disease in itself but a clinical sign that may reflect one or more of many different problems. Most involve some degree of inflammation of one or more areas of the gastrointestinal tract. The GI tract is the continuous tube that moves food from mouth to anus. Infectious agents, such as bacteria, viruses, coccidia, and intestinal worms, or non-infectious irritants, such as chemical toxins or poisonous plants are some of the more common causes of inflammation. Food intolerances or allergies to specific ingredients of a diet can also be responsible for diarrhea.
Can Cat Poop Be Dangerous
Handling cat poop may have an eww factor, but it isnt typically dangerous. That said, there is a concern that cat poop can contain a parasite called Toxoplasma gondii, which causes Toxoplasmosis. You can also get Toxoplasmosis from eating raw or undercooked meat. Toxoplasmosis isnt a big deal for most people who either wont get sick or show only mild flu-like symptoms. However, it is of particular concern to pregnant women who can pass the parasites along to the unborn child and cause birth defects or even fetal death.
While this sounds scary, its good to know that contracting these parasites from the litter box is not a common occurrence. Cats infected with the parasite only excrete it for a short amount of time, and the parasites arent infective for at least 48 hours. That means if youre scooping out the litter box daily, you greatly reduce the risk of infection.
Just to be safe, pregnant women should hand over litter box duties until the baby is born. If thats not possible, scoop and clean the box wearing rubber gloves and thoroughly wash your hands after youre done. Keeping your cat insidewhich is recommended by our strategic partner The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals® for all catscan also help prevent them from contracting this parasite.
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What Home Remedy Can I Give My Cat For Diarrhea
Most cats with acute diarrhea usually only have one episode of diarrhea, are fine afterwards and require no treatment. Cats with mild diarrhea may be managed with only feeding a fat-restricted, easily digested food like homecooked chicken and rice. You can also give your can probiotics that can be purchase over the counter. If this doesn’t work or if your cat is sick, then contact your local veterinarian.
How Can I Prevent My Cat Getting Diarrhoea And Vomiting
Avoid giving your cat very salty, spicy or fatty foods, as this may increase the risk of an upset stomach. In order to reduce the risk of problems associated with dietary changes, we recommend introducing new food gradually you can try introducing new food over at least seven days and monitor for any intestinal disturbances. If your cat is sensitive to stress, or a course of antibiotics has been prescribed, then you can feed a probiotic supplement to help reduce the risk of intestinal disturbances. During periods of stress, it may also be helpful to use a soothing pheromone spray or plug-in adapter .
It may be useful to keep probiotics and electrolyte supplements at home, together with some chicken or white fish in the freezer, in case of an emergency. If you know that your cat catches mice or birds then you can send in a stool sample for analysis periodically to see if they need worming. If possible, try to stop them having access to the bird table and the surrounding area to reduce the risk of salmonella. Your cat should be vaccinated against feline parvovirus annually. Parvovirus can, among other things, cause life-threatening stomach and intestinal problems in cats.
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Cat Diarrhea Vs Normal Cat Poop
Ideally your cat produces nicely formed stools without difficulty on a daily basis. They are mostly easy to scoop out of the box, and theyre comparatively innocuous in general.
Cat diarrhea comes in varying levels of severity. Abnormally soft stools can range from incompletely formed to soft serve to cow patty to liquid to hemorrhagic. Cat diarrhea, like human diarrhea, occurs when residual undigestible portions of food pass through the intestines abnormally fast, or when excess fluid is added to the stool by the large intestines.
Preventing Diarrhea In Cats
To prevent diarrhea in the first place, follow the tips below.
- Keep your pet up to date on all routine care, including vaccines and parasite prevention.
- Block your cats access to garbage.
- Avoid feeding your pet table scraps, especially fatty, creamy, or spicy foods.
- If you need to change to a new food, do it gradually over 1-2 weeks, so you dont upset their stomach.
- Ask your veterinarian about probiotics or other supportive measures if your kitty gets stressed while boarding, during travel, etc.
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Diarrhea is one of the most common reasons for a veterinary visit. So theres a good chance your cat will have at least a few episodes in their lifetime. And, with chronic digestive or inflammatory conditions, your kitty may need long-term management through special diets or medications.
But by taking a few precautions, you can minimize diarrhea episodes so an upset stomach wont interfere with playtime, cuddle time, and all the other activities your cat loves!
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Treatment For Cat Diarrhea
If your cat is only mildly ill, it may be treated on an outpatient basis, but patients with severe dehydration and/or vomiting should be hospitalized for fluid and electrolyte therapy. Shock fluid therapy may be necessary. Potassium supplementation may be required in very ill patients but it should not be given simultaneously with the shock fluid therapy. Patients that are mildly ill, and are not vomiting should follow a period of fasting , which is often followed by a bland diet, such as boiled rice and chicken or a prescription diet. Patients with obstruction or foreign bodies may require surgery to evaluate the intestine and remove the foreign objects. Your veterinarian will prescribe the appropriate medicine for your cats diagnosis. Anti-secretory drugs, intestinal protectants or dewormers are the most commonly prescribed medications. Rarely, antibiotics are prescribed.
Can Stress Cause Diarrhea In Cats
Can Stress Cause Diarrhea In Cats? With a dog or cat who tends toward an anxious outlook on life, visiting the veterinarian can be a big stress. One of the most obvious signs of that stress can be diarrhea. Pet diarrhea is stressful for your pet and for you, the family, too!
High levels of stress can cause or aggravate gastrointestinal symptoms, such as nausea, stomach pain, and changes in bowel movements, which can include constipation. Stress and constipation may affect children, as well. In a study of school-aged children, researchers found a link between exposure to stressful life events and constipation. Alcohol, cigarettes, and foods high in sugar and fat can all increase the risk of constipation and stress. People can use standard constipation treatments for stress-related constipation, including gentle laxatives, stool softeners, or prescription medications. People may benefit from professional therapy to help them identify sources of stress that may lead to constipation. If a person struggles with frequent constipation due to stress, they should talk to a doctor, who will be able to help them find solutions for both the stress and the constipation.
Can anxiety stop bowel movements? How is stress linked with constipation? High levels of stress can cause or aggravate gastrointestinal symptoms, such as nausea, stomach pain, and changes in bowel movements, which can include constipation.
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About Dr Sarah Wooten Dvm Cvj
A 2002 graduate of UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine, Dr. Sarah Wooten is a well known international speaker in the veterinary and animal health care spaces. She has 10 years experience in public speaking and media work, and writes for a large number of online and printanimal health publications. Dr. Wooten is also a certified veterinary journalist, a member of the AVMA, and has 16 years experience insmall animal veterinary practice. To learn more, visit drsarahwooten.com.
What Can You Do To Help Your Cat At Home
Is your cat bright, alert and behaving normally? If you have not seen blood in the vomit or diarrhoea, then you can often provide some supportive treatment at home:
- Do not starve your cat: withholding food is not appropriate because they risk getting a life-threatening liver condition called hepatic lipidosis. Research also shows that the gut needs contain food to start the healing and recovery process
- Hydration: your cat must have access to clean fresh water at all times
- Highly digestible diet: offer this in small portions little and often. For example, a prescription intestinal diet, such as Purina EN, or boiled rice or potato with cooked white fish, chicken fillet, turkey or egg
- Electrolytes and probiotics: use these feline supplements alongside their diet, following the manufacturers instructions. For example, Oralade GI Support Rehydration Fluid or Royal Canin Rehydration Support
- If your cat is an outdoor cat, keep them indoors, as long as this does not cause them distress, where they can be supervised for a few days so that you can monitor any vomiting or diarrhoea
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Diagnosing Diarrhea In Cats
Diagnosing the cause for diarrhea in cats can range from straightforward to complicated. Diagnosis always starts with a physical examination of your cat. Your veterinarian will check for dehydration, pain or discomfort in the abdomen, weight loss, and other signs of illness.
Common intestinal parasites can be diagnosed during a veterinary visit with a simple fecal test. If your veterinarian is concerned about an obstruction, she will recommend X-rays and/or an abdominal ultrasound. If exposure to a toxin is suspected, such as from a plant or household cleaner, your veterinarian will perform a complete blood count and blood chemistry panel to assess any internal damage. For chronic or recurrent diarrhea, your veterinarian may also recommend a blood test for specific markers of abnormal digestion.
Evaluating the effect of a prescription diet designed to address the cause of the diarrhea can help pinpoint the cause when other tests are not helpful. Prescription foods used to treat diarrhea include hypoallergenic, low-fat, low-residue, probiotic, and high-fiber diets.
A Food Sensitivity Or Allergy
It can also be something in the food that the cat is specifically sensitive to. âIf the diarrhea persists and if your catâs diarrhea seems to be linked to food, your cat may be intolerant to certain types of protein or other ingredients,â explains Dr. Bragdon. A veterinarian will work with you to determine which foods to try to resolve the diarrhea.
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The Bottom Line On What To Do About Cat Diarrhea
In short, if your cat seems to be having any distress in passing urine or feces, then book an immediate vet visit.
However, some cats intermittently pass normal bowel movements outside of the litter box. Most of the time this is a behavioral issue. The first step in such cases is to see the vet to be sure there is no medical problem. After getting a clean bill of health, the next step is to implement a behavioral modification plan . And take comfort from one fact: Finding cat poop outside of the box may be unpleasant, but its better than finding urine.
Wondering how to stop diarrhea yourself? Check out some diarrhea remedies for humans right here > >
Thumbnail: Photography by Africa Studio / Shutterstock.
This piece was originally published in 2017.