Yes All This Is Yucky But Important
If your cat has a UTI, not only is she in pain pain which a visit to the vet will help with enormously but if ignored, a UTI can easily lead to severe kidney problems.4 And that can lead to huge vet bills or worse, a trip to the rainbow bridge before Kittys time.
Learn to recognize these signs. If you spot them, its time to call the doctor.
What Are Urinary Tract Infections In Cats
Urinary tract infections are not common in cats. Only 1-3% of cats with signs of urinary tract disease will have a urinary tract infection.
Because they can resemble so many other conditions, UTIs need to be distinguished from other conditions, such as crystals in the urine. Fortunately, by running some simple tests, your veterinarian will be able to tell the difference.
In most cases, UTIs in cats are usually caused by bacteria. Bacterial urinary tract infections in cats are generally relatively easy to treat and respond well to medications. Chronic infections, or those that do not respond to regular medication, can require more testing to figure out why your cat is at higher risk for urinary tract infections.
Is Kitty Feeling Low Give Her A Treat
After a painful UTI episode, Kitty deserves lots of love and treats and maybe some extra litter.
Join the Paw Points® program, and every purchase will earn you points. You can then redeem those points for free litter, coupons and toys. Because when that UTI is cleared up, Kittys going to be back to her usual playful, happy self. Hurrah!
1. Feline lower urinary tract disease . . 2. Urinary tract disease in cats. . 3. Feline lower urinary tract disease. . 4. Common urinary & kidney ailments. . /services/comprehensive-urology-care/common-urological-ailments
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Causes Of Urinary Tract Infections In Cats
Both sudden and chronic urinary tract infections are caused by bacterial infections. The bacteria involved in UTIs usually come from either the gastrointestinal tract or lower down the urinary/reproductive tract. If your cat is older or has other medical conditions, they are more likely to develop bacterial urinary tract problems.
Cat Urinary Tract Infection
Cat urinary tract infections are rare compared to the occurrence of UTIs in dogs, nonetheless older cats often experience a host of other urinary tract issues that cause similar symptoms. Today our vets in Somerset County NJ share the symptoms, causes and treatments for urinary tract infections and diseases in cats.
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How Long Does It Take For A Uti To Go Away In A Cat
If you suspect your cat has a UTI, schedule an appointment with your vet as soon as possible. They can help determine if your cat’s symptoms are being caused by a UTI or FLUTD. Once UTI treatment begins, symptoms usually start improving after a few days.
Cleaning litter boxes may not be the most glamorous part of cat ownership, but your knowledge of your cat’s litter box routine is a helpful tool in catching urinary tract or bladder issues early.
Recovery And Management Of Urinary Tract Infection In Cats
The recovery period depends on the severity of the UTI and how quickly the cat was treated. If the infection is caught early on, and there are no other developments as a result, a full recovery should be expected within a few days or so of beginning antibiotic therapy. Some cats seem markedly improved after even one dose of antibiotics. However, ALWAYS complete the full course of medications exactly as directed by your veterinarian.
Occasionally, cats will develop frequent, recurrent urinary tract infections. In these cases, a longer course of antibiotics and repeat urine cultures may be necessary.
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What Causes Urinary Tract Infections In Cats
Causes of urinary tract infections in cats include crystals or stones in the bladder, urethral inflammation or plugs, and inflammation in the bladder . Proper identification of the reason for the infection can lead to the fastest resolution and prevention of future episodes, saving your cat pain and discomfort and saving your time, money, and stress!
The Importance Of A Yearly Urine Test
Because cats can have a urinary tract infection without showing symptoms, veterinarians recommend a once a year urine screening test. This test can be performed when she comes in for her yearly examination and vaccines too. If your cat has increased risk factors, she may need to have her urine tested more often, such as every six months.
If your cat is diagnosed with a bladder infection, the good news is that her infection will probably clear up in no time with prescribed antibiotics and plenty of extra tender loving care.
Always check with your veterinarian before changing your pets diet, medication, or physical activity routines. This information is not a substitute for a vets opinion.
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Common Cat Uti Symptoms
The good news is that there are a few telltale signs to look out for when identifying whether or not your cat has a UTI. The following are the most common symptoms:
- Urinating outside the litter box
- Blood in the urine
- Painful urination and discomfort
- Changes to your cats daily bathroom regimen
Frequent licking is one of the most common symptoms of a cat UTI and may look something like this.
How Is Flutd Diagnosed
Because FLUTD has many causes, it can be difficult to diagnose. Based on your cat’s symptoms, your veterinarian will do a physical examination and most likely will run a urinalysis assessing urine pH and concentration and presence of crystals, bleeding, inflammation and infection. If the cause is still not identified, tests such as urine culture, x-rays, blood work and additional urine tests may be recommended.
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Cat Urinary Tract Infections: Symptoms Diagnosis Prognosis And Treatment
Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease is one of the most frustrating syndromes in veterinary medicine. At the least, cats suffer from uncomfortable urination and frequent trips to the litter box. In the worst case, the urethra can become completely obstructed, which, left untreated, results in a painful death.
Although some cats present with urinary crystals, stones, or infection, the majority of cases do not have a readily identifiable cause. Stress is thought to be a trigger in many cases, causing a painful syndrome similar to interstitial cystitis that occurs in people. Regardless of the cause, prompt veterinary care is key to a positive outcome. All cat parents should be aware of the signs of urinary tract disease so they can be evaluated quickly if these symptoms occur.
Symptoms of Urinary Tract Problems in Cats
In its milder forms, cats make frequent trips to the litter box, usually passing small amounts of urine. Cat parents may notice blood in the urine. Some cats start to relive themselves in areas outside the litter box, particularly if they begin to associate the litter box with pain.
Diagnosis of Urinary Tract Problems in Cats
Examination by a veterinarian is needed to determine whether or not a cat is suffering from lower urinary tract disease. Your vet may recommend the following tests:
Prognosis for Urinary Tract Problems in Cats
Treatment for Urinary Tract Problems in Cats
What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Flutd
Unlike humans, cats cannot vocalize their discomfort the second they feel a bladder infection coming on, which is why its so important to keep an eye out for the signs and symptoms of FLUTD. Chances are, if your kitty is experiencing one or many of the following symptoms, they are dealing with a UTI or a severe case of FLUTD.
- Your cat is drinking more water than usual
- Your cat is urinating outside of her litter box
- Your kittys litter box has gone untouched or contains very little urine
- Your cat is sitting in her litter box, for long bouts of time, with little to show for
- Your kittys urine has an unusually foul smell to it
- Your cat seems irritated or more lethargic than usual
- Your cat whimpers or meows in pain when trying to urinate
- Your kitty is compulsively grooming her genital or abdominal areas
- There is blood in your cats urine
- You can feel an apple-sized ball of fluid in your kittys abdomen they cry out when you touch it
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My Cat Is Exhibiting One Or More Symptoms Now What
If your cat is exhibiting symptoms of urinary tract disease or you suspect something is wrong, you should schedule an appointment with your veterinarian immediately, especially if your cat is male or has stopped urinating altogether . He or she will evaluate your cat and collect urine samples for testing. In some cases, blood testing may be required. Radiographs are also often necessary, as well as an abdominal ultrasound, in order to diagnose the cause of FLUTD
Cat Urinary Tract Infections
True urinary tract infections in cats are very rare. Instead, in cats, we see a range of conditions which can cause cystitis, referred to as feline lower urinary tract disease .
FLUTD is any disorder affecting the bladder or urethra of cats. It is common, affecting approximately 1-3% of cats each year. Both male and female cats can be affected. Male cats are more prone to obstructions by crystals or plugs, due to their long narrow urethra.
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Cat Uti Symptoms And Signs
UTIs in cats can occur at various ages, but we most commonly encounter them between the ages of one to five years or in cats older than ten years. Identifyingcat UTI symptoms can be easy if you know what to look out for, so here are some of the most common signs encountered:
- Discolored urine blood in the urine can be red, pink, or brown.
- Abnormal cries of pain or discomfort while urinating.
- Passing small amounts of urine as droplets only or in coin-sized puddles.
- Frequent and/or prolonged attempts to urinate.
- Overgrooming or biting of the genital area.
- Urinating in strange places such as the sink, bathtub, or directly in front of you.
- Difficulty urinating is seen as straining or misconstrued as constipation.
- Behavioral changes such as increased irritability, hiding, or lethargy.
Factors That Put Cats At Higher Risk For Utis
Older female cats are the most at risk for UTIs, though any cat can develop an infection. Cats prone to bladder stones or with diabetes mellitus can also be more likely to get UTIs. Other potential risk factors include not having enough litter boxes or stress, such as from a recent move or a change in the household, like a new baby, cat or dog.
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Bacterial Urinary Tract Infections : Symptoms Diagnosis And Treatment
A urinary tract infection usually refers to a bacterial infection of any or all parts of the urinary tract, but it most commonly involves the urinary bladder .
UTIs are common in dogs, especially females, but are uncommon in cats less than 10 years of age. However, cats older than 10 years of age have a higher risk for a UTI, which is often associated with other diseases .
Two things must occur for presentation of a bacterial UTI:
1. There must be a break, either temporary or permanent, in the animals defenses.2. Bacteria must migrate into the urinary tract, catch hold and multiply.
How To Prevent A Cat Urinary Problem
Preventing urinary infection in cats is aimed at addressing behavioural issues and helping to reduce stress for the cat. As an owner, there are various ways you can help your cat at home and they include
- Providing fresh water regularly. Fresh, clean drinking water is essential for your cat and a water fountain is ideal as they like running water. The next best thing is a large dog bowl so there is a large surface area for your cat to drink from. Feeding wet food will also help to increase your cats water consumption.
- Clean litter trays. Providing an adequate number of clean litter trays with the litter the cats prefer, in quiet, safe areas of the house.
- Changes in routine/providing enrichment. Minimising changes to cats daily routine and providing them with plenty of toys and games will help to keep them occupied and distracted.
- Reduce stress. Pheromone diffusers such as Feliway and essential oils diffusers such as Pet Remedy can help to relax stressed cats. Where stress may be caused by children, other pets or other cats in their territory, ensure your cat has somewhere he/she can avoid conflict. If necessary place curtains or blinds to prevent other cats staring into your house. Provide scratching posts and allow time for your cat to play.
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If Its Not A Uti What Could It Be
Even though your cat is showing all the signs of a UTI, it might not be his or her problem. There is a whole host of other issues with the same symptoms, such as:1
- Blockage of the urethra, as mentioned above. This happens in boy cats and can be fatal.
- Bladder stones
- A bladder infection
Because these symptoms have such wide-ranging and potentially fatal causes, any cat thats in discomfort in the litter box needs to see his friendly neighborhood vet ASAP.
How Veterinarians Diagnose Urinary Tract Infections In Cats
To determine if your cat might have a UTI, your veterinarian will begin by examining your cat and asking you some questions.
During the thorough physical examination, your veterinarian may be looking for the following in your cat:
- Enlarged or small bladder
- Bladder and/or kidney pain
- Blood around their genitals
Your veterinarian might ask you some of the following questions. Give some thought to these questions in advance to make the most of your visit.
- How long has your cat been exhibiting these signs?
- Have you noticed any change in your cats appetite and/or thirst?
- How many litter boxes do you have available for your cat?
- How often do you scoop your cats litter boxes?
- What food does your cat eat?
To make their diagnosis, and depending on what they find on their examination and the answers you provide to their questions, your veterinarian might recommend any or all of the following tests:
Your veterinarian may ask you to bring a urine sample with you, but its more likely they will want to collect a fresh, sterile sample directly from your cats bladder at the visit. This is to ensure that a high-quality sample can be gathered. So, try not to let your cat pee for a few hours prior to their visit.
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Stage : Strange Peeing Behavior
Cats who are suffering from urinary tract issues, whether theyre a result of stress, infection or stones/crystals, exhibit several odd symptoms. They may run to the litter box frequently but produce little if any urine. They may cry out when attempting to urinate. They will often lick their genitals furiously after each attempt to pee, and if your cat is a male, you may see his penis sticking out.
Reducing Stress For Your Pet
Reducing stress for your pet can help prevent urinary tract infections from coming back or developing into a more serious condition.
Try these tips for reducing stress for your cat:
- Spend more time together.
- Give your feline friend access to windows or more toys.
- Regularly clean litter boxes or increase the number of available litter boxes.
Catching a urinary tract infection early can help ease the stress and discomfort for both you and your cat. If you have questions or need to schedule an appointment, please contact us.
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Diagnosing Urinary Tract Infection In Cats
When diagnosing a UTI, your veterinarian will begin by taking a complete medical history. The vet may ask about changes in your cats water consumption, frequency of urination, amount of urination, how the urine looks, and any behavioral changes. Your vet will also perform a physical examination to assess the bladder and kidneys, as well as the genitalia and sometimes the rectum. If there is trouble with urination, a neurological exam may be conducted.
Your cats urine and blood will also be tested. Urinalysis is one of the most important and useful tests for diagnosing a UTI. It will look for the presence of certain chemicals or substances in the urine, like sugar, ketones, bilirubin, blood, and protein. A urinalysis is best conducted on a fresh urine sample to prevent inaccurate results.
Based on the findings, additional testing may need to be conducted. In particular, a urine culture may be performed to confirm the presence of an infection and to determine what type of bacteria are involved. Since it often takes 3 to 5 days to obtain final culture results, your veterinarian will likely start your cat on broad-spectrum antibiotics in the interim. The typical duration of antibiotic therapy is 7 to 14 days.
Urinating Small Amounts More Frequently
The first thing you might notice if your cat has a UTI is them going in and out of the litter box constantly but only producing small amounts of urine. A UTI or other lower urinary tract disease makes your kitty feel like they have to constantly urinate because of the irritation theyre experiencing. If your cat stops producing urine completely, take them to the vet right away as this could be a sign of a urinary blockage.
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