What Should I Expect During The Kittens’ First Few Weeks Of Life
Kittens are born with their eyes closed. Most kittens will begin to open their eyes within seven to fourteen days of birth. If you notice swelling, bulging, or discharge underneath the eyelids, the eyes should be opened manually. Ideally, you should take the kittens to your veterinarian, who will determine if this procedure is required. If this is not possible, you can use a cotton ball dampened with warm water to apply gentle pressure to the eyelids and open them. If the swelling is due to infection, you will see pus in this case, a veterinarian should examine the kittens immediately. If the eyes have not opened within fourteen days of age, the kittens should be examined by a veterinarian.
Kittens should be observed for their rate of growth. They should double their birth weight in about one week. Routine daily to weekly weighing should be performed to ensure the kittens are growing normally. Failure to gain weight may indicate a problem and the need for veterinary care.
At two weeks of age, kittens should be alert and trying to stand. At three weeks, they generally try to climb out of their box. At four weeks, all of the kittens should be able to walk, run, and play.
How Much Milk Does A Newborn Kitten Need
The amount of milk that a newborn kitten needs depends on the kittens size and age. The best way to know is to consult with a vet, but you can also consult this chart. Expect to be feeding the kitten at least six to seven times per day, including through the night. The younger a kitten is, the more frequently they will need to be fed, sometimes as often as every two hours. Just like human babies, kittens need lots of love, attention, and feeding to stay healthy.
Why Is My Weaned Kitten Still Nursing
Nursing is a source of comfort to almost all mammals, kittens included. Being close with their mother makes them feel safe and secure. If you find your kitten still nurses occasionally after weaning, know that this is perfectly normal and that they’re probably just looking for comfort.
Sometimes even cats nurse well into adulthood, and others may suckle on blankets and stuffed animals to find this relief. Experts have linked this behavior to external stressors, early weaning, and pure boredom.
Worried your kitten isnt meeting the signs of weaning readiness? Live chat with a vet today!
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What Happens When Cats Drink Milk
undigested lactose will stay in their intestines rather than passing into the bloodstream, and end up fermenting, says Dr. Richter. Whole, 2 percent, and skim cows milk can also add unhealthy amounts of fat to your cats diet. Since cats dont have the enzyme necessary for digesting lactose, drinking milk can lead to gastrointestinal issues such as an upset stomach, diarrhea, vomiting, loss of appetite and weight, abdominal pain and discomfort, and cause behavior changes such as increased scratching.
Again, just like humans, some cats dont have a problem digesting milk. Regardless, most veterinarians suggest other alternatives since cows milk has no nutritional benefits for cats.
How Can I Give My Cat Milk Safely
Our experts recommend foods that contain a touch of milk to satisfy your cats cravings without causing digestive upset. This allows your cat to enjoy the creamy flavors while getting complete and balanced nutrition.
By following our experts advice, you can keep your cat happy and healthy. Explore our complete list of cat food and cat treats to find the ideal products for your cat.
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A Clean Kitten Is A Happy Kitten
After feeding, clean any formula, urine, feces or other messes off the kitten using a clean, soft, warm, damp cloth. This action simulates how the momma cat would clean the kittens. If more cleaning is required, you may use a wetter washcloth dipped in warm water to loosen up caked-on messes in the kittens fur. Do not use soap or pet shampoo directly on the kitten. If you must use a shampoo to clean the kitten, add one or two drops of shampoo to a cup of warm water, then use the cloth dipped in this mixture to clean the kitten. Rinse the cleaned area with another cloth dipped in clear, warm water. Gently dry the kitten with a soft towel. Do not allow the kitten to become chilled. Once the kitten is clean and dry, place her back in the carrier on the covered heating pad, which should be covered in clean layers of bedding.
Kittens ears should be clean and dirt-free. If the ears are dirty, gently clean the area with a Q-tip you may need to dampen it in warm water. Do not use ear-cleaning solution because it could be harmful to the kitten. Only clean the outer area of the inside ear, just the part that you can see do not push the Q-tip down into the ear. If the ears are extremely dirty or you see signs of ear mites , contact your medical staff about treatment options.
What To Do First: Making Your Kittens Warm And Comfortable
If the mother is not there to do it, it is important that you keep newborn kittens warm, as they are not yet able to regulate their own body temperatures and can easily go into hypothermia. To ensure your kittens are warm enough, keep them in a quiet room, out of the way of any drafts. Keep the room temperature at around 25°C. You can make them a cosy bed from a cardboard box lined with blankets or purchase a ready-made kitten bed. You can use an infrared light or hot water bottle securely wrapped in fabric to heat their bed. But make sure it is not in direct contact with kittens.
Reminder: if your kittens eyes are still closed or partially opened, this stage is even more vital. Once warmed up, take them immediately to the vet.
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What Should I Track In A Logbook
Maintaining a logbook about the orphaned kittens does not need to be complicated. The reason for the logbook is to simply keep track of how the kittens are doing so you can identify if there are any potential concerns with their development.
Tracking their weights, milestones, and routines are key, so be sure to record details of when their eyes open, when their teeth begin to erupt, their food intake, and stool consistency.
TIP: Individual kittens must be identified in some way, so consider colored collars or nail polish on a few front toenails.
Why Do Kittens Stop Nursing Before They Should
The health of a kitten can be jeopardized if it is removed from its mother and placed in a new home too soon.
The first few weeks of a kitten’s life are critical for its physical development and health. Because nutrients and colostrum in the mother’s milk are essential for robust bone development, healthy eyes, and complete organ development, weaning a kitten too soon may increase the chance of your cat’s developing more health issues later. Early nutritional supplements and other vet services may be required if a kitten is separated from its mother very soon.
In addition to health issues, kittens who were separated from their mothers too early in life may develop behavior issues. Mother cats inculcate life lessons in their kittens and emit soothing pheromones. Kittens who have been separated from their mothers very soon may have difficulty grooming themselves, not knowing how to deposit their excrement in the litter bin, playing too rough, and not knowing how to forage for food.
A kitten that is separated from its mother too soon may struggle to acclimatize to its new environment and continue suckling on strange items long into maturity. A kitten could be unaware of normal interaction with other cats if they are not properly socialized at an early age. Kittens observe their mom or another mature cat learn to play, feed in a bowl, socialize, and use a litter box. A weaning kitten should preferably be left with its mother.
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Kitten Feeding Schedule: How Much Food Kittens Need
Just like human babies, kittens do a lot of growing in the first year of their lives. The kind of food and how much a kitten consumes directly affects their growth rate and development. By making sure a kitten is on a proper feeding schedule, you’ll be able to monitor your kitten’s growth and ensure they are receiving appropriate nutrition.
How Long Do Kittens Nurse
Kittens will typically start the weaning process at around 4 weeks. However, solid foods at this point will be primarily for practice. The kitten needs to figure out how to handle solid foods before they can depend on them for much of their nutrition.
The weaning process often takes an entire month. During this time, the mother cat will feed her kittens milk less and less. Her milk will also begin to dry up, so the kittens couldnt receive all their calories from her even if they tried.
Kittens are often fully weaned around 8 to 10 weeks of age. When possible, you should allow the mother and the kittens to work this out. As long as everything is moving along, you should plan on simply leaving it up to them.
You should offer solid food before this 8- to 10-week period, though. Preferably, you should offer regular meals starting at 4 weeks. Your kittens probably wont eat much at the beginning, but thats not the point!
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Milk Is A Food Not A Beverage
Female mammals produce milk to feed their own offspring. Human beings use milk from other mammals to feed their older children and sometimes their pets. Milk, therefore, is a liquid food, not a beverage. Water is a beverage, used by the body to keep its tissues hydrated and all of its organs working properly.
When Should Kittens Be Offered Solid Food
For the first 6 weeks, kittens dont need any other food but their mothers milk. Until then, milk is truly the best option for kittens.
However, you should begin offering solid food at around 4 weeks. Typically, this is when mother cats will begin weaning their kittens, though the process often takes a relatively long time.
The kittens likely wont get much solid food from the plate to their stomachs at this point. But they will be getting essential practice that will help them figure out how to eat later.
You shouldnt try to provide food before 4 weeks, though. You dont want to prompt the kittens to wean too early, as this may cause them to miss out on crucial socialization.
Early weaning can make kittens more aggressive and can increase stereotypically early-weaning behaviors, like excessive grooming. This fact is true even if you dont take them away from their mother.
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Feeding A Stray Kitten
Sadly, in the spring and fall, its not uncommon to find a stray kitten in your yard or on the street. Stray kittens will need the same food and mealtimes as home-raised kittens, but you should take it to a veterinarian as soon as possible to better determine the kittens age and to check for parasites that could affect the animals growth.
What If The Mother Cat Is Not Around
If the mother cat perhaps did not survive the birth, was not healthy enough to care for kittens, got hit by a car, or if a litter of kittens was abandoned at a shelter, the kittens can still get the necessary nutrition they need and lead a healthy life with the help of humans. Some shelters will use a foster lactating cat to both nurse the kittens and socialize them or bottle-feed the kittens with kitten milk replacement formula.
Bottle-fed kittens do not receive the same care from humans as they would from a cat though. Cats teach their young important skills that we cannot duplicate as humans. Bottle-fed kittens are a huge time commitment, so if you are adopting a young bottle-fed kitten who has no mother cat, be prepared to feed, stimulate them to potty and clean them often.
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Do All Kittens Have Worms
Intestinal parasites or worms are very common in kittens. Symptoms of intestinal parasites include generally poor condition, chronic soft or bloody stools, poor appetite, a pot-bellied appearance, loss of luster to the coat, and weight loss. Some parasites are transmitted from the mother to her offspring either in utero or through her milk, while others are carried by fleas or other insects. The eggs and larval forms of some parasites are transmitted through the stool of an infected cat.
“Intestinal parasites or worms are very common in kittens.”
|Contributors: Krista Williams, BSc, DVM Ernest Ward, DVM
What Are The Signs That The Kittens Are Not Doing Well And What Do I Do
Kittens should eat or sleep 90% of the time during the first two weeks of life. If they are crying during or after eating, it may indicate that they are ill, are not getting adequate milk, or the milk has become infected . If excessive crying occurs, your veterinarian should examine the queen and her entire litter as soon as possible.
“Goats milk is not recommended as it is far too low in protein and fat.”
When the mother’s milk supply is inadequate, supplemental feeding one to six times per day is recommended this should also be done routinely with any litter greater than five kittens. There are several excellent commercial milk replacers available. They require no preparation other than warming. These milk replacers should be warmed to 95° to 100°F before feeding. Test the temperature on your forearm: it should be about the same temperature as your skin. The commercial products have feeding directions based on their nutritional constituents. If the kittens are still nursing from their mother, feed one-third to one-half the recommended amount. Supplemental feeding is needed until the kittens are old enough to eat kitten food, usually around two to four weeks of age. Goats milk is not recommended as it is far too low in protein and fat.
In an emergency, you can substitute pasteurized goat’s milk from the grocery store for milk replacer. However, it is not nutritionally adequate for kittens and kitten milk replacer should be provided as soon as possible.
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What Should Your Cat Be Drinking Instead
Cats need plenty of water, Leasa Greer, the Manager of Nutrition & Regulatory Affairs at Solid Gold Pet, told Readers Digest. Water is incredibly important for promoting optimal organ function in cats. A great way to make sure your cat is getting enough water is by feeding him/her wet canned food. Cats are generally less keen on drinking water, so wet food is great for keeping cats hydrated. Now that you know the answer to the question of, Can cats drink milk, is no, make sure you avoid making these other dangerous mistakes that cat owners make.
How Do I Feed A Weaning Kitten
If kittens are not orphaned, you don’t have to feed a bottle. They can still nurse when they are with mom. Just want to have some time away from mom to give her a break and decrease their dependence on her.
While your orphan kitten is weaning, you should feed them kitten formula from a bottle or shallow bowl. When bottle-feeding, always tilt the bottle and make sure the kitten is on their stomach, never their back.
When kittens are still drinking formula, you will need to burp them. Burp a weaning kitten by placing them on your shoulder or on their stomach and patting them gently. You will be able to hear or feel them burp.
To encourage a kitten to make the shift from bottle to bowl, dip your finger into the bowl and let the kitten lick formula off your finger. Gradually direct your kitten to the bowl â patiently â until they learn the process.
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Mother Cat Is Not Producing Milk
See files for Cats
A mother cat provides everything for her newborn kittens. A newborn cannot regulate their temperature, see, hear or even defecate without the help of their mother. Importantly, neither can they feed. Female cats are mammals, so-called because they have mammary glands. These glands allow them to feed their young from breast milk they produce themselves. This breast milk is not simply food. The first milk, called colostrum, which cats provide their kittens is loaded with essential nutrients which helps to bolster the vulnerable young cat’s immune system. The milk will slowly change, but it will still be packed with nutrients.
If a mother cat is not producing milk, then the kittens are in serious danger. Their ability to survive is under threat. AnimalWised looks into the possible reasons why a mother cat is not producing milk to help us know what to do if the worst happens.
Start At The Right Age
Kittens’ bodies are very sensitive to premature weaning, so be careful about starting them too young. A kitten 0-5 weeks old should be nursing or bottle feeding. Around 5 weeks of age, the kitten’s premolars will begin to emerge, indicating that she is likely ready to start trying out some meaty foods. However, some kittens may need a bit more time on the bottle due to health issues, or differences in weight or size. Use your best judgement and follow the kitten’s lead to determine the appropriate age to wean. If you see any changes in the kitten’s health or energy during this process, immediately step back to bottle feeding.
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